Chapter 13 - The twenty parables within the Book of Revelation
Chapter XXVI.—John and Daniel have predicted the dissolution and desolation of the Roman Empire, which shall precede the end of the world and the eternal kingdom of Christ. The Gnostics are refuted, those tools of Satan, who invent another Father different from the Creator.
2. If therefore the great God showed future things by Daniel, and confirmed them by His Son; and if Christ is the stone which is cut out without hands, who shall destroy temporal kingdoms, and introduce an eternal one, which is the resurrection of the just; as he declares, “The God of heaven shall raise up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed,”—let those thus confuted come to their senses, who reject the Creator (Demiurgum), and do not agree that the prophets were sent beforehand from the same Father from whom also the Lord came, but who assert that prophecies originated from diverse powers. For those things which have been predicted by the Creator alike through all the prophets has Christ fulfilled in the end, ministering to His Father’s will, and completing His dispensations with regard to the human race. Let those persons, therefore, who blaspheme the Creator, either by openly expressed words, such as the disciples of Marcion, or by a perversion of the sense [of Scripture], as those of Valentinus and all the Gnostics falsely so called, be recognised as agents of Satan by all those who worship God; through whose agency Satan now, and not before, has been seen to speak against God, even Him who has prepared eternal fire for every kind of apostasy. For he did not venture to blaspheme his Lord openly of himself; as also in the beginning he led man astray through the instrumentality of the serpent, concealing himself as it were from God. Truly has Justin remarked: That before the Lord’s appearance Satan never dared to blaspheme God, inasmuch as he did not yet know his own sentence, because it was contained in parables and allegories; but that after the Lord’s appearance, when he had clearly ascertained from the words of Christ and His apostles that eternal fire has been prepared for him as he apostatized from God of his own free-will, and likewise for all who unrepentant continue in the apostasy, he now blasphemes, by means of such men, the Lord who brings judgment [upon him] as being already condemned, and imputes the guilt of his apostasy to his Maker, not to his own voluntary disposition. Just as it is with those who break the laws, when punishment overtakes them: they throw the blame upon those who frame the laws, but not upon themselves. In like manner do those men, filled with a satanic spirit, bring innumerable accusations against our Creator, who has both given to us the spirit of life, and established a law adapted for all; and they will not admit that the judgment of God is just. Wherefore also they set about imagining some other Father who neither cares about nor exercises a providence over our affairs, nay, one who even approves of all sins.
(Source: Iranaeus against Heresies, Book V, Chapter XXVI)
The evidence above from an early Church father will be put to the test. The presentation of the parables within the Book of Revelation will be shown to be either genuine or flawed. If it is flawed then the statement by Iranaeus is incorrect or in error. It may create another question: Is it possible that a new book or "revelation" is awaited after the Book of Revelation among the Christian community? The previous question will also be proven to be valid or flawed. Nevertheless, the statement by Iraneaus is partly true because the Roman empire was defeated years later. However; his statement is partly false because the Book of Revelation also predicted, falsely, a seventy years cycle which did not materialize.
(1) The Parable of the Seven Churches or congregation. The evidence presented was copied or paralleled with 2nd Maccabees chapter seven. The 2nd Maccabees passage may be disregarded but it may have derived from a reading of Ezekiel chapter twenty-four. The fact that only seven churches or congregations were picked out of the various churches in existence during the era of the writer is peculiar. The question is: who came up first with the idea of using "seven" for the examples in their respective passages? It is known that the Book of the Maccabees were composed during the time around the destruction of the Temple by the Romans. Is it possible that the Books of the Maccabees were written as a competition document(s) against the early Christian messianic Gospels? Revelation 1:4 seems to be a personification of the churches mentioned. The seven churches were selected based on symbolic numerology and the strategic location of the congregations. Joshua 6:1-7 was thought of by the writer because of the importance of the growing Gentile Christian community. The previous passage located in the Book of Joshua was contemplated by John because of the earlier idea presented by Paul years earlier (Romans chapter eleven). The Joshua passage is closely connected with the themes of rapture (Joshua 6:20 and 1st Thessalonians 4:15-16). The mention of the ark in Revelation 11:19 is a connector to the previous evidence which include the phrase: "And the seventh angel sounded..." (Revelation 11:15).
(2) The Parable of the "raptured" twenty-four Elders. John, the writer, is describing himself as the 'Body of Christ' being raptured to heaven to witness the message. It is a symbolic representation of how the loyal 'Body of Christ' would be separated from the rest of humanity during "rapture". The two proposed eras are presented: the 'Great Tribulation'(Revelation 2:22) versus 'Tribulation'(Revelation 2:9-10 and 1st Corinthians 7:26). This seems to be traced to Joel 2:15-16,32 and Joshua 10:11-13. It is also possible that the "rapture" subject is connected with the "24 elders"(Ezra 6:14, Ezra 10:7, Nehemiah 8:6, Nehemiah 9:1). The twenty-four elders are the twenty-four days of fasting and remembrance mentioned in the Book of Nehemiah. The previous is the source of the symbolism but its meaning is that twelve elders represent leaders over the Jewish-Christians and the other twelve elders represent leaders over the Gentile Christians. The twenty-four elders are a symbolic combined representation of the Christian leadership representing both Gentile Christians and Jewish-Christians. The source itself presents the idea that those not raptured are captured, and in a new form of captivity, not solely by the Roman Empire but by "Satan"(Revelation 13:10 and Revelation 1:2). Therefore, after Revelation chapter four, the term "Tribulation" is meant in the past tense while the term "Great Tribulation" is in the present tense. In other words, the mention of "tribulation"(Revelation 1:9 and Revelation 2:9-10) was a separation of two eras and initiated by the event of "rapture". In conclusion, the "Great Tribulation"(Revelation 7:14) era was supposedly enacted, through the mind of the writer of the Book of Revelation, after the destruction of the Temple by the Romans in A.D. 70. One must conclude that a new date code, or another method of recording time, was introduced as similar as the mention of A.D.(After Death) and B.C.(Before Christ). The writer, John, was introducing a new era which the date would be A.R.(After Rapture) and B.R.(Before Rapture) and then concluding with the events after the Millennial reign of Christ and his saints. In other words, an alternative metaphysical timeline out of the material timeline. The Book of Revelation is not only a message but also the introduction of a new timeline recording tool that would eventually be used by all of humanity. The Questions: Only those believing in Christ would be raptured? Those who do not believe would stay physically dead forever? These set of questions will be evaluated later.
(3) The Parable of the Gospel of John. Revelation chapter five is describing the existence of an earlier document produced by the same author or writer. This document is called the Gospel of John before it was described as such much later in the movement's existence. The seven seals' role of holding the secrets is an allegory that the author is conveying his authorship of another important document. The secret of this authorship is hinted through the crucifixion of Jesus as a "Lamb" in Revelation 5:6 as being slain. Furthermore, the dispatchment of the "saints" to proclaim the resurrection of Jesus into Jerusalem that Sunday morning by James in Revelation 5:9 - "sung a new song...". The most important meaning of the symbolic parable is the introduction of a concept deriving from an Old Testament source. The concept is the pattern of 'the rule of double images'. Here we are introduced to the first double within the Book of Revelation: The Books. The books are the Gospel of John and the Book of Revelation itself. Nevertheless, the one described in Revelation chapter five is the Gospel of John. What is the author or writer trying to convey here in the Book of Revelation? The writer is presenting his own importance within the movement of early Christians by composing his treatise called the Book of Revelation. The writer succeeds by borrowing an earlier pattern noted in the Book of Leviticus where the scapegoat ceremony has established this pattern (Leviticus chapter sixteen). The chapter describing this ceremony presents the fate of two goats: One for the Lord and the other for the "scapegoat"(Leviticus 16:8). This is noticeable in Revelation chapter thirteen when the writer introduces two beasts(Revelation 13:11). Question: why mention and present two beasts when the message could have been addressed by presenting one beast? (Revelation 17:11). The reason is obvious, the writer has borrowed a concept from the Book of Leviticus copying the "scapegoat" ceremony. In Revelation chapter five, we are introduced to 'the rule of double images' and especially the claim of authorship of another important document. The five doubles: (1) The two books: Revelation chapter five - The Gospel of John, Revelation chapter ten - The Book of Revelation. The evidence: Revelation 1:7 and The Gospel of John 19:34. (2) The two tribes - Revelation chapter seven and chapter fourteen. (3)The two cities - Jerusalem and Rome in Revelation chapters six and twelve. (4) The two beasts - both described in Revelation chapter thirteen. (5) The splitting of the book into two parts: Chapters one through ten symbolizing the ten commandments of Moses while the remaining twelve chapters symbolizing the twelve apostles of Christ (Revelation 21:14) and therefore concluding in twenty-two chapters (10+12=22). The rule of double images is uniquely an early Christian phenomena and especially applied solely by the writer of Revelation. The theory is that the making and distribution of the Gospel of John was the reason for John's imprisonment and exile.
(4) The Parable of the four horsemen. The four horsemen were already described earlier as the symbolic relationship between Rome and Jerusalem. Each of the breaking of the seven seals results in the revelation of a crime committed by Rome. In other words, each broken seal revealed the effects of the "sinful" relationship between the two cities described - Revelation 6:1, 6:3, 6:7, 6:9, 6:12, and Revelation 8:1. The seventh seal is connected with one of the Sabbath hours mentioned in another chapter of this book. The "sinful" and unlawful relationship between Jerusalem and Rome results in the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem implied in Revelation 6:13. The "earthquake" is a symbolic reference to a major event as is noted in Revelation 6:12 and repeated in describing Jesus' crucifixion in Revelation 16:18 after the term "Armageddon" (this term is describing Jesus ' crucifixion and the evidence is presented in another chapter of this book). The 'Divine Command' is introduced in Revelation 6:8 and it presents the creation of 'evil' actions producing 'good' (Isaiah 45:7). The theory is stating that humans are not in control of their actions and destinies but it is in the control of an outside agent and this includes a 'command' by a "divine" being or creator. It also implies that this removal of autonomy for beings is a command of "worship" demanded by this supposed creator which has introduced an absurdity or a contradiction.
(5) The parable of the twelve inner tribes. In this chapter, chapter seven of the book of Revelation, we witness the initial expansion of the inner circle or tribe by embracing external tribes. The transition is between Revelation 7:1-8 into Revelation 7:9. Through Revelation chapter seven, we witness a new tribe already detailed and discussed by Paul in Romans chapter eleven: A 'universal tribe' which includes and "grafts" non-Jews into the fold stated in Revelation chapter fourteen. Therefore, the "144,000" of Revelation chapter fourteen was developed with a mathematical calculation using the initial twelve (mentioned in chapter 7:1-8) times twelve (symbolic unknown tribes of non-Jews and the number of apostles - Revelation 21:12 and 21:14) then multiplied by a thousand. The "thousand" is derived from Revelation chapter twenty (Revelation 20:3-6) where the combined 'universal tribe' is joined by their spiritual leader - The Lamb (Jesus). John, expounds in his own way, the doctrine mentioned by Paul in Romans chapter eleven with symbolic imagery and a coded message: (12x12x1000) = 144,000. The mathematical description simply is expounding the transformation of the local tribe (Jewish-Christians) into a universal tribe(Christians) which includes gentiles.
(6) The parable of the seventh seal. In this chapter, the destructive description concerning the city of Jerusalem by the Romans is witnessed figuratively by the writer or author. How do I know this? Let us go through this carefully. Revelation 8:1-2 is referenced to the fall of Jericho described in Joshua 6:6 because of the "seven" horns is similar to the "seven" trumpets. Unlike Jericho, the city of Jerusalem contains the said instruments of God stated in Revelation 8:3-5. In the next verse, the Book of Joshua is revisited when in Joshua 6:15-16 is copied summarily in Revelation 8:6. The usage of the phrase: "the third part" which is stated through the three next verses in Revelation 8:7-9 and this phrase defines a three part separation of an overall presentation.
The previous three verses are indirectly copied from the Book of Ezekiel chapter 5 - Ezekiel 5:2 and 5:12. The language is almost very similar between both previous mentioned sources. The Ezekiel passage is a symbolic description of the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians and noted as a "prophecy" of such past destruction. Was the seventh seal opened or broken? The hint is noted by the next term in question. The term - "wormwood" - was also stated by Jeremiah when he witnessed the destruction of Jerusalem in the Book of Lamentations. In the Book of Lamentations, Jeremiah describes the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians in detail. Jeremiah also uses the term - "wormwood" - in Lamentations 3:15-19 to describe the destruction of the city of Jerusalem by the Babylonians. Therefore; the usage of the term "wormwood", in Revelation 8:11, is describing a past event and the symbolic opening of the seal. In other words, "wormwood" is a direct reference to the destruction of Jerusalem and the Jewish Temple by the Roman empire in A.D. 70 therefore Revelation 8:12-13 is presenting to the readers a similar connection with the Babylonian destruction and signals the beginning of an important cycle. This important cycle is not only the beginning of a new era but a clear indication that the writer intended his message to be fulfilled during the era of the Roman Empire. Therefore, the term "wormwood" is now evidence that the Book of Revelation is a false prophecy or false prediction altogether with other New Testament prophecies. Furthermore, it details of when John was arrested and hints the meaning of the Gospel of John 2:18-21 (Revelation 21:22).
(7) The parable of the fifth angel. In this chapter; the writer describes the oppression and persecution of the body of Christ, Christians, by the Roman Empire. The writer is making this specifically emphatic that the importance of the physical Temple and the city of Jerusalem is not important as the bonds between Christians (Revelation 21:22). The bonds between believing Christians should be stronger because the next attacks by the Roman Empire are both physical and spiritual. The writer continues to present a theory; this theory is suggesting that following the destruction of the city of Jerusalem and the Temple, by the Roman Empire, the followers of Christ would be the next target of the Roman Empire's wrath. The "bottomless pit" is spiritually manifested after the city's destruction by the Roman Empire. In reality, the usage of the term is suggesting the beginning of a test and the separation of the body of Christ into two groups. The theory presented previously could be shown by two things: "the seal of god" (Revelation 9:4) and "locusts" (Revelation 9:3). The writer is presenting an immediate social prediction that two camps of followers would be created after the chaos concerning the destruction of Jerusalem. The reason for this theory derives from the fact that Jerusalem was the seat or capital of the early Christian community.
Through the mind of the writer, the "locusts" are hypocrites within the Christian community who may come out of the ranks speaking of compromise. The mention of Revelation chapter nine is both a warning and motivation for the Christian community to keep loyal and to preserve their social bonds in the face of the Roman Empire's onslaught. The "breastplate" mentioned in Revelation 9:9 is an indication presenting that some of the "locusts" are Jewish-Christians because it represents knowledge (Ephesians 6:14). Then out of the "locusts" would develop a leader among them noted as a "king" or "emperor" in Revelation 9:11. The leader of the "locusts" (hypocrites of the Christian community during Roman times) is a repeat of the personage of Korah mentioned in Numbers chapter sixteen and represents the Roman emperor or Roman leadership. The writer of the Book of Revelation is indicating that another "korah" would arise to divide the Christian community and would result in a similar fate like "korah". Nevertheless, the most important aspect of this chapter and verse 9:11 is that simultaneously this particular false leader and the Roman emperor is represented as the leader of the "locusts". This type of imagery is the adoption or borrowing of a previous Old Testament concept of "doubles" and then eventually a meshing of two entities.
The meshing of the two separate entities is noted in Revelation chapter thirteen(Revelation 13:12,16:13, The verses - Numbers 16:32, Revelation 9:2, and Revelation 19:20 seems to be a verification of the symbolic imagery and prediction by the author). The meshing of two entities is a symbolic reference of the scapegoat ceremony in Leviticus chapter sixteen. However, through the verses in Revelation 9:12-20 contains two false predictions or false prophecies: (1) The following invasion from the Persians (Arsacid Parthian empire) during the Roman empire's era and (2) a following "plague"; both supposedly occurring after the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70. The reason for the previous hypothesis is based on the identification of "wormwood", located in the previous chapter (Revelation chapter eight), and the concerns of inner divisions or fragmentation among the nascent Christians after the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans. Revelation 9:12 is very clear of noticing three events: one which already occurred and two new ones yet to happen and which never occurred within the seventy years timeframe. The one mentioned is the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in A.D. 70 and the next two are clearly false predictions or an indication of a false prophecy (Revelation 9:12). Why conclude and state such claims against the writer of the Book of Revelation? The reason is because the writer repeats this pattern of writing in Revelation 17:10-12, where he describes a timeline through his other false prediction or false prophecy concerning more leaders to come concluding in a tenth leader (Revelation 17:12). The number of leaders after the fifth one does not conclude in a tenth one, therefore, a prime example of a false prediction. The modern interpretation by a specific Christian sect states that Revelation 17:12 indicates non-Roman leaders in neighboring nations. The previous could be shown to not be the case but rather a false prediction by John. The recent example just given refutes the claim above by the Church father - Iraneaus.
(8) The parable of Revelation. The writer is now stating the importance of the Book of Revelation itself. It is the last commandment or his famous last words to the nascent Christian community. It is a symbolic reminder by using the ten commandments of Moses as a template by noting previously the Gospel of John in the fifth chapter and presenting the manifestation of the Book of Revelation in the tenth chapter. Ezekiel 2:10 is used as one source of guidance. Even Revelation 22:10 is a later echo of Revelation 10:4. There are many borrowed passages from the previous Old Testament sources before Revelation 10:8. In Revelation 10:8-11, the verses are borrowed from Zechariah 5:2 and Ezekiel 3:1-3. The most important aspect of this chapter is the conclusion of one part or volume of the Book of Revelation. It is the conclusion of the first pair of the double rule. The writer is signing off to the completion of his first volume in Revelation chapter ten before the start of the second volume in Revelation chapter eleven.
The chapter is describing the importance of the composition of his treatise and that it is a "divine" command to continue. It is a symbolic completion by referring to the tenth commandment of Moses by using the term - "Thunder" (Revelation 10:4 and Exodus 20:18). The usage of the term: "Thunder"- is a slight or minor use of the double rule. The writer of the Book of Revelation has simply used the term to convey the later introduction of "lightning" which is to suggest the continuation of the message in the next chapter (Revelation 11:19). The writer of the Book of Revelation has now employed nature within his coded message. In this example, the "thunder" is after the sight of the "lightning" as it is expressed in nature. What is the meaning of the previous symbolic figure? It seems that the writer of the Book of Revelation is now expressing a theory using borrowed symbols from the Old Testament. The theory is that the Body of Christ; Christians, were a form of "prophecy" predicted even in the previous Exodus passage (Exodus 20:18). To the writer and even to some readers of his era and even modern times, there exist passages in the Old Testament canon which has expressed this theory. This formation of predictable thinking is very troubling because it creates other paradoxes and absurd theories among modern Christian groups. The thinking of the writer and many others in the New Testament canon could be properly describes as a metaphorical union when the relationship of the symbolic "thunder" and "lightning" is traced back to its textual origins. The reason and even direct evidence of such union lies in the "grafting" comment by Paul himself in the Book of Romans (Romans 11:24) which was borrowed by observing the behavior of past Roman emperors extending citizenship to non-Romans. Is it possible that this is an absurdity? No; if the adoption of the acts of nature, now used as metaphorical symbols by the writer of Revelation, are clearly defined as such. The other theory was to highlight a philosophical struggle between the nascent Christian community and the dominant Roman philosophies called Philosophical Hedonism or Stoicism and Epicureanism.
The writer of the Book of Revelation, John, elaborately and uniquely created a new way of expressing this "grafting" by employing the nature theme stated through the wordings in the previous Book of Exodus. The writer of the Book of Revelation has expressed in a brand new way of saying that the Christians(Thunder) and the Jews(Lightning) are different natural expressions of the same storm. Here, we are introduced to a new symbolic image: New Testament or Christians as "Thunder" and Old Testament or Jews as "Lightning". The writer is saying that a new order is now in effect which includes gentile Christians. At times, even in nature, the "thunder" comes in before the "lightning". The mention of the natural phenomena is also a challenge to the Roman stoics within Roman society who championed a form of positive materialism.
(9) The parable of the two witnesses. The transition has begun with a reintroduction of the seven churches and the rest of the Body of Christ. The images in which the writer conveys to his early readers are the struggles of the two witnesses. These two witnesses are the Jewish-Christians and the Gentile Christians (which is further explained in another chapter of this book): the new "thunder" and the new "lightning", respectively symbolic, to a new storm (Revelation 11:19). While in an earlier part of the chapter; Revelation 11:9 is a new interpretation, by the writer, to describe the spiritual resurrection of the Body of Christ (Christian community) through Hosea 6:2-4. The previous Old Testament passage has been in use by other fellow New Testament writers but is also expressed in Revelation chapter eleven describing the two witnesses. In other words, the spiritual Body of Christ will resurrect just like the previous supposed physical body of Christ. The writer has succeeded in coding his message but only a few Jewish-Christians would understand its true meaning. My evidence of the previous statement is all around us today: Many Christians still expect the fulfillment of many verses within the Book of Revelation. Also, many have misread and misinterpreted the meaning of the parable of the two witnesses. Many have created television shows and films based on their misreading and misinterpretations of the parable given. Another factor must be introduced in John's coded message, the idea that his treatise against the Roman Empire was a three part presentation against the opposing entity. It is known throughout history, the Roman Empire was known for its synthesis of legal jurisprudence and political theory from other nations especially the previous Greek nation-states. Therefore, the parable of the two witnesses is an introduction of awareness to the readers of this particular era that it was the beginning of a second phase of a three part presentation. The term "witnesses" is a clear indication that John intended to present a court case and a later verdict against the Roman Empire.
(10) The parable of Jerusalem. The chapter is symbolic because of the number twelve. The number twelve is symbolic to the writer and his immediate audience. The method would have been understood especially among readers of the Jewish numerology system. The parable is a presentation of the theocratic court system elaborated through initial evidence, thorough deposition, the jury's opinion and the final decision by the judge. In this parable, the judge of the proposed theocratic court system is Jesus of Nazareth himself. Jesus of Nazareth is the judge and new groom in this parable which continues into the end of the Book of Revelation. Revelation 6:13 details the description of the city of Jerusalem containing the symbolic "twelve" which is both represented as the Jewish and Christian communities. Furthermore, the "sun" and "moon" are both representations of the Jewish and Christian communities. The "woman" is the city of Jerusalem being judged and evaluated by the supreme judge. Here we are revisited to the 'Rule of Double' image. Therefore, the usage of the "sun" and "moon" to represent both communities is an indication of a pairing. While the next verse, Revelation 12:2, elaborates the symbolic passing to a new community as if it is a new day. It is an elaboration of the new community under the protection of the Judeo-Christian deity. The Christian community is referenced implicitly through the symbolic birth and the previous literal birth of Jesus Christ - the Judge and King of the present deposition of the theocratic court system. The verse - Revelation 12:2- is the thesis statement of the Book of Revelation: The pursuit of the Roman Empire, physically and spiritually, to eliminate the new Christian community - "And She being with child cried, travailing in birth, and pained to be delivered". The proposed thesis statement verse expresses all of the previous assumptions and theories into one symbolic conflicting action: (1) The city of Jerusalem containing the leadership of the Christian community and headquartered church. (2) The city of Jerusalem being destroyed by the Romans expressed through the Jeremiah-like symbolic tears(Revelation 6:13, Revelation 8:10-12, Lamentations 3:15-19) by the writer of the Book of Revelation. (3) The church, properly predicted through its era and context by Matthew, fleeing from the city when it was destroyed (Matthew 24:20-21) and eventually rescued.
The next verse, Revelation 12:3 presents the villain and guilty party of the conflict - The Roman Empire. It is a symbolic verse presenting the real threat to the community as not as one leader but many leaders pursuing the same victim - The city of Jerusalem. The violation is witnessed by all according to the writer of the Book of Revelation and this violation is adultery. The innocence of the victim is given a sentence for fornication (Revelation 2:20). The Roman Empire is in control of the vast majority of the known lands and territories. Therefore, it could in one swoop of its immense power eliminate the nascent Christian community with its military might. The symbolic image given in Revelation 12:4 is to suggest that this power is seductive and deadly to the nascent Christian community. The previous verse also expresses the expansive oppressive power of the Roman Empire. The innocence of the city of Jerusalem is verified by the young eyes of the Christian community living within its jurisdiction(The two witnesses of Revelation chapter eleven). The next verse, presents to the readers, the leader of the nascent Christian community as being the spiritual entity of Jesus of Nazareth himself. Moreover, the introduction of a triumphant vision of the future under a Christian theocratic system through the eyes of John. The vision by John was presenting the new system to be ushered in by the triumphant King and Judge. A theocracy with a "divine right" over its subjects and administered, literally, by the "raptured" saints through a symbolic "rod"(Revelation 2:27 and Revelation 19:15). It is a foreshadowed expression by the writer presenting an eventual proposed Christian theocracy over democracy ruled by men of the Christian faith over Roman philosophy. The expression of conflicting ideologies and forms of government are given in three verses: Revelation 8:13, 9:2, and 18:19. These three verses are not only precursors to the evidence but also redirects us to the proposed flaws in a democratic system by the writer of Revelation. A system where a majority could be oppressive to a minority class or a minority ruling over the masses. The previous is clearly an expression of subjective morality. In other words, it is an opinion of whose morality is followed and valid for the proper function of society. The previous statement is manifested in the last verse - Revelation 18:19 - where the economic system is intertwined with the political system of the Roman Empire. The parable of Jerusalem in this chapter is presenting a court case against: (1) The Roman Empire, (2) The political and economic system of democracy, and (3) its contradictory nature towards the proposed Christian theocratic system (Revelation 2:20-29) or a pure form of theonomy.
The parable of Jerusalem, this chapter in the Book of Revelation, has revealed a proposed court program: (1) Revelation chapters one through ten as the initial evidence to the court (2) Revelation chapters eleven through fifteen are presenting an examination before trial or the preliminary deposition of the court case against the Roman Empire (3) Revelation chapters sixteen through twenty-two are presenting the verdict of the court. The verdict is for the city of Jerusalem and against the city of Rome. In other words, under a theocratic setting, the settlement and new marriage contract is given by the Judge and King of the court - Messiah Jesus of Nazareth.
The group of verses stated, Revelation 12:7-17, is presenting a totally new view of the Old Testament sources especially a spiritual reinterpretation of the flood of Noah and the fall of the rebelling angels. The "two wings" are a repeat of the 'Rule of Double' and it suggests simultaneously two types of raptures occurring after the A.D. 70 event and also the idea of adopting the Roman system of tribal expansion. The reason why the writer of Revelation, John, honored Paul by placing the chapter of the two witnesses as number eleven by copying the number and theme of Romans chapter eleven. The two bodies of believers allegorically described as the two witnesses would go through an event. The two raptures are suggested in "the second death" in Revelation 21:8. The question is revisited concerning what happens to the unraptured disbelievers? They are awaken after the 1,000 year reign of Jesus and his saints. Therefore, the verses located in Revelation 12:7-17 concerning the fallen angels are not two events but one event: one is located in the deposition of the court (Revelation 12:7-17) and the other account, which is outside of the deposition, is repeated throughout the rest of the Bible (Biblios) and sections of the Book of Revelation itself. Revelation 12:7-17 is evidence that the parable of Jerusalem is a separation from the rest of the whole Bible in giving a summarized account and therefore prime evidence of a "deposition of the 'divine' court". The A.D. 70 event of the Roman Empire's destruction of the city of Jerusalem was a purifying process of Malachi chapter three (Revelation 21:8) and the separation of the two tribulation eras: Tribulation and the Great Tribulation where the invisible 'mark of the beast' is applied. The previous is the intention of John's vision and prediction for the redemption and physical liberation of the city of Jerusalem. The next parable should answer the question of when the 'mark of the beast' was applied and provide definite proof of a 'divine court' case against the Roman Empire of A.D. 70.
(11) The parable of the Beast(s). The case has now moved into the identity of the defendant. The role of the prosecutor is the pursuit of justice and the role of the defense representative is to establish the innocence of the defendant. In the 'divine court' setting, the defendant is the Roman Empire, through the words of John, describing its unjust actions towards the believers of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. Where is the definite evidence that the Book of Revelation is divided into a three-part-case against the Roman Empire? In the evidence phase, the seductive spiritual power of the Roman empire is given in Revelation 9:2, 9:11, and 9:18-21. The proof within the evidence phase is presenting the Roman control of the material environment of society. The Roman empire is in control of the marketplace, the center of material economic flow, and has enforced a symbolic("spiritual", according to the writer of the Book of Revelation) exchange involving its various 'gods'(Revelation 9:11, Revelation 2:14, and 1st Corinthians 8:4-9). This type of imagery is a repeat of an earlier event in the Book of Daniel (Daniel 3:12). In the deposition phase, the Roman empire is symbolized by one of its most controversial leader-Nero (Revelation 13:18 - The evidence exposing Nero as the "beast" in Revelation chapter thirteen is located at the first two chapters of this book – Book of Revolution). In the final verdict phase or new contract phase, the writer of the Book of Revelation presents the punishment decree for the city of Rome and the Roman Empire. The evidence is stating the continuous presence of a symbolic Nero existing among the Roman leadership which only directs the readers to the eventual conflict against secular democracy in general. The previous theory will be shown in greater detail in other later parables. Nevertheless, the chapter describing the meshing of two beasts into one is a way of presenting a multiple threat to the nascent Christian community: Political(material) and spiritual(immaterial).
Revelation 17:1-18 is presenting the identity of the guilty party before the final decision by the Judge and King of the Book of Revelation. The description is hinted literally by stating the number of "hills" in Revelation 17:9 and the ruling leader of the Roman Empire during the writing of the Book of Revelation. The descriptive evidence is located in Chapter seventeen in Revelation 17:10. The connection between Revelation chapter nine and Revelation chapter seventeen is Revelation 17:8 by its use of the term - "bottomless pit". Therefore, there are three phases presented above using the common denominator through the characteristics of the oppressive guilty party: evidence phase, deposition phase, and the final verdict phase. Is there another proof or a complimentary entity to the parable of the beast(s)? Yes, the city of Jerusalem. It is also noted in three phases: The evidence phase (Revelation 6:13 and 8:1-13), the deposition phase (Revelation 12:1-17), and the final verdict phase (Revelation 16:1-21). Is there a specific phrase which may express this 'court theory'? Yes, the "third part" in Revelation 8:7-9, Revelation 9:18 and Revelation 12:4. The writer of the Book of Revelation has borrowed this term - "third part"- from an earlier 'Temple' apocalyptic writer. The writer's name is Ezekiel. The writer, Ezekiel, also employed this term to describe the destruction of the Temple by the Babylonians which is an apocalyptic letter concentrated on the existence of the Jewish Temple. The themes and symbolic descriptions stated in Ezekiel 5:2 and Ezekiel 5:12 were borrowed by the writer of the Book of Revelation. However, the difference between the two writers is the usage of the term, "third part", to suggest a three part presentation contained in a two volume set within a one book form called the Book of Revelation. A three part case, presented successfully, against the entity of the Roman Empire and its eventual execution "spiritually" by the supreme judge of the Christian community.
What is the Roman Empire guilty of? The Roman Empire is guilty of natural political expression as a political majority and state entity. Therefore, this expression of political autonomy has been interpreted as not only political suppression but also "spiritual" oppression or a complete abomination by the prosecutor. The Roman Empire is innocent of one thing through its historical trial - the application of a liberal democracy in the form of a republic. This application is without trial and error as this is proven throughout its history. The Roman Empire, naturally, went through a form of legalistic "collission" between the majority and minority throughout its existence. The evidence is presented when the Roman Empire eventually collapsed through the power of the Christian majority years later replacing the 'gods' of the Roman Empire completely. The evidence is also known that the Romans, or Etruscans, believed in various gods. The collapse of the Roman Empire was a natural phenomena just as the various changes of leadership and philosophy within Jewish political history.
Therefore, the three-part-case is centered to the existence of the Temple and sets the range of the date. The case is relevant to only the time presented: A.D. 70 to A.D. 140. Therefore, each phase within the presentation gives at least three symbolic representations of the same entity. The limit and range of the years leaves us with one conclusion: The Book of Revelation was intended for the readers and believers of the Book of Revelation during those early struggling years of the Christian community. Therefore, only one individual is referenced in Revelation 13:18 and that individual is the Roman emperor Nero. The previous evidence is supported by the usage of the term -"wormwood"- which is noted to describe the Temple's destruction in A.D. 70 limiting the range of the intended fulfillment of the supposed predictions and prophecies to its last range of A.D. 1140. It was also hinted in Revelation 13:10 where the terms - "swords" and "captivity" are used.
What is the true conflict or "collission theory" between the competing communities within the material timeline? The usage of the term - reason - is used in Revelation 8:13, 9:2, and 18:19. The term presents an undercurrent theme between two competing ideologies which has been repeated within the Jewish psyche and history. Moreover, the conflict between an ongoing Jewish apocalyptic worldview versus those outside of the fold or gentiles. Paul expresses this ideological conflict in Colossians 2:8-22 where the "philosophy" of the world could pollute the purity of the message. Does the writer of the Book of Revelation employ this method? The theme throughout the Book of Revelation continues where Paul left the scene. The term "reason" is connected with main philosophers of Socrates, Plato and Greek philosophy in general. This type of conflict is hinted in Revelation 9:11 where both terms "Hebrew" and "Greek" are used. It is rational to believe that both Paul and John knew about these two philosophers and their various books on various subjects. It is very possible also that both John and Paul knew of the philosophical conflict between Roman stoics and Greek skeptics who disagreed over materialism. Therefore, the premise of the Book of Revelation was to refute any philosophy outside of the new apocalyptic vision. The target of John's new vision was Roman law, Greek philosophy and its combined derivatives. Roman law derives from the synthesis of previous empires and it was the antithesis of John's apocalyptic vision. Therefore, Roman law and its derivatives created a natural conflict which concluded many years later, historically, through the Council of Nicea. Nevertheless, a synthesis was developed years later and much sooner at the start of the peaceful Pauline Christian revolution which removed "pagan" Roman authority. The synthesis is known as such because the Christian transformation of the Roman domain did not improve the material “status quo” of the citizenry.
Does the arrangement of the evidence above hints of a natural or supernatural source? The evidence above points to a natural source using the 'Socratic Dialectic' method of questioning which in turn creates a court like sentencing of an oppressive entity called the Roman Empire. Therefore, it is a juristic approach to the early material struggle of the early Christian movement. The apocalyptic juristic expression is a proposition to a pure form of a theonomy which is now clearly refuted.
(12) The parable of the 144,000. The writer of the Book of Revelation continues in his case against the Roman Empire using the socratic template of literary argument. John, the writer and author of the Book of Revelation, employed a method to state his case. The evidence lies in the manner of Paul's delivery to Festus and Agrippa in the Book of Acts. Paul's delivery was a defense according to the socratic dialectic method. In the modern era, many scholars are classified as "apologetics" when they defend their respective religions using reason and logic. The question arises has Paul employed the words, in Koine Greek, to convey a type of socratic defense? Yes, in the Book of Acts it states -apologeisthai - in Acts 26:2-3, to describe his defense against charges from the Jewish priests (Acts 25:24-27). Paul uses the term - apologia - in Philippians 1:7 properly translated in English as "defense" to describe his loyalty to the "Gospel". There are many correlations or connections that could be shown to present that the template of the New Testament writers derived from the five known dialogues of Plato. The previous comparison and proposed theory, written out in detail, would be exhaustive. Nevertheless, the terms used by Paul in the original Koine Greek would be valid proof to suggest the socratic dialectic method was used to defend the "Gospel" by Paul, John and other New Testament writers. One of Plato's dialogue is titled: Apologia - in its original Greek form. However, within the Book of Revelation, it is observed that the writer employed the court setting by using the opposite position used by Paul. In other words; rather than delivering an Apologia,the writer of the Book of Revelation used the other form - Kategoria- used by prosecutors to plea a case against a defendant. In the proposed case above, the Roman Empire is the defendant. In the Koine Greek, John used the term - Apokalupsis- in Revelation 1:1 but in known translated English it is "Revelation" and in its original Koine Greek form it is the source for the term: Apocalypse. John later uses another Koine Greek term to suggest a court setting in Revelation 1:2 and 1:7 - marturian- the previous term is translated as "witness or testimony" and in its plural form in Revelation 11:3(martusin). The obvious conclusion is that John recreated a court-like presentation to convince his readers and the general populace to remove the Roman Empire from the scene of material history. It was also a way of John recognizing Paul’s trial and eventual execution or martyrdom through the hands of Nero. Therefore, it was not surprise that Nero became the anti-thesis of the Book of Revelation.
The "144,000" mentioned in Revelation 14:1, the main witnesses for the case against the Roman Empire, is a verse expressing the expansion and transformation of the Jewish tribe into a universal Christian tribe or universal community, i.e. universi. The litigants against the Roman Empire, John and Paul, agreed in accepting others into their pure form of a theonomy. An ideology which clearly exists in the mind and not in the material world as was proven years later through later Christian European leaders and the onset of the Dark Ages. The evidence for the previous observation is based on another term employed by the author: mind (Revelation 17:9 and 17:13). The expansion of the tribe, which are classified as "saints", contains Jewish and Gentile believers of the new Messiah King(Revelation 5:8,8:3,11:18,13:7,14:12,15:3,16:6,17:6,19:8 and 20:9 existing in all three phrases of the court presentation). The idea of this expansion derives from the Roman emperor Caesar’s and Tacitus’ observation of the outer tribes located on the periphery of the Roman Empire. The two previous Roman observers, at times, concentrated their observation on the behavior of the Germanic federated tribes.
In the chapter of the parable, Revelation 14:2, tells the reader that the usage of the phrase-"great thunder" - is to describe the Christian community in general. The later term, in Revelation 14:12, states "saints" and this usage tells the reader that "thunder" is synonymous to describe the Christian community or the spiritual or allegorical Body of Christ. This is proof of the writer's style of using symbolic allegory deriving from the Old Testament (Exodus 20:18). The use of this type of style of writing is understandable, despite its absurdity, knowing that there were Roman laws against slander of political figures in poems and letters during this era. It would also explain Paul's indirect reference of the Roman emperor Nero in 2nd Timothy 4:17 - "I was delivered out of the mouth of the Lion". (The previous evidence of the Roman law against slander is located in the first two chapters of this book – Book of Revolution). It also explains John's indirect reference of Nero, in the evidence phase, within his treatise located in a symbolical form in Revelation 4:7. Each four symbolic figures are an indirect reference to the Roman Empire which includes the Roman emperor. The use of the term - beast- tells the reader that each four symbols are in the negative towards the Christian congregation: "lion"= Nero, "calf" = marketplace with Roman idols, "face as a man" = coins or economic system and a foreshadow(and fear) of the invisible or spiritual imposition of a mark of the beast(Revelation 13:17), and "flying eagle" = the might of the Roman empire in contrast to the non-violent movement headquartered in Jerusalem(Revelation 12:14, which is a possible foreshadow of the eventual removal or hope to remove the Roman empire from the scene of material history).
The hope of the writer is fiercely expressed and trying to motivate the oppressed and suppressed Christian minority in the midst of the majority. The previous is known through a phrase - "many waters" in Revelation 14:2. The specific time in which the writer predicted this hope for deliverance and triumph against the Roman Empire could be discovered through the Koine Greek form of his natural treatise. This is noted in the Koine Greek in Revelation 1:3 - "...ho gar KAIROS EGGUS". This means "ERA NEAR" and it is a clear evidence of the intent of the writer hoping that his ideas would materialize seventy years after the Temple's destruction in A.D. 70 to A.D. 140. This is clear evidence of a false prediction and therefore a false prophecy. The other clear evidence even noted in the English translation is Revelation 1:1 where it states: "...shortly come to pass." Nevertheless, the "144,000" has seen their victory generations afterward against the Roman Empire and this event was never predicted but rather a natural outcome of events. The other evidence in which the "144,000" did not witness the destruction of the Roman empire is located in Koine Greek in Revelation 1:7 - "...OPSETAI.." which means "Shall be seeing", literally. Also, the previous verse is connected with the Gospel of John 19:34 and Zechariah 12:10. The previous connections and the false prediction by John, within and starting with the Book of Revelation, means all three sources are in doubt of being sources of divine command.
The authenticity of the Book of Revelation as being divinely inspired has been refuted. Even through this refutation, the reader discovers the natural talent of the writer to create a formidable non-violent revolution. The genius of the natural writer, John, is shown and presented through the symbolic use of another object in nature. The object and term is "waters" located in the parable of the "144,000" in Revelation 14:7. The "144,000" was calculated and explained earlier in the 'parable of the twelve inner tribes' as (12x12x1000) = 144,000. It was done intentionally to show the purity of the message, the unity of the current tribe with the new members, and loyalty to the leadership in Jerusalem. Nevertheless,' the parable of the 144,000' is an explanation showing the expansion of the “spiritual” conflict in its peaceful form. Nevertheless, never noticed by the writer of the Book of Revelation is the material conflict which resulted in an ineffective synthesis of the competing ideas. The expansion of conflict is seemingly clear with the identification of the meaning of the symbolic "waters". Here, the reader discovers the pure talent of the natural writer. The discovery is the clash of two civilizations: the Roman Empire and the emergence of the Christian community. The previous stated two entities, containing competing cultures, which ended naturally in a synthesis of both ideologies but one prevailing vision: A Christian Roman theonomy. The verse which gives the clear differentiation between the two and its symbolic conflict is located in Revelation 17:15. While Revelation 11:6, where "the two witnesses" are used, presents the two options of "waters" and "blood". The previous symbol is expressing the Roman populace embracing all aspects of Roman culture and the former expressing the Body of Christ or the Christian community. Revelation 11:6 also provides the goal of the writer as a non-violent struggle to peacefully convert the Roman populace to the Christian message. Furthermore, to present further convincing evidence concerning the symbolic use of the term -"waters" - meant another political body of people. The term "sea" is also used frequently. It was first employed by an earlier natural writer of predictions – Daniel (Daniel 7:2-3) - which also used the term to signify an opposing political body. In another treatise of importance, the Book of Isaiah, the reader would witness the origin of connecting the "sea" with the dragon or beast(s) of Revelation(Revelation 7:1-2,10:2,12:12,13:1,14:7,20:8 and Isaiah 27:1).
In the verdict phase, Revelation 19:6 and Revelation 19:13 the reader would witness the clash of the two sides and to eventually end in the victory of the "blood"- nascent and emergent Christianity. Revelation 1:15 identifies the Roman populace using some symbolism borrowed from the Book of Daniel. Revelation 7:17 and 8:18 are connected but represents the military might of Rome when it mentions "fountain" because of the "wormwood" connection in the next verse. While Revelation 14:7 explains the connection with the "144,000" to confront peacefully the Roman military might. In the final verdict phase, the reader would witness the power of God over the Roman military might(Revelation 16:4) which is a copy of the previous non-violent victory over the Babylonians through the hands of the Persians which ended the seventy year captivity(Ephesian 4:8, The Gospel of Luke 21:24, Zechariah 6:10, Jeremiah 29:10, Jeremiah 29:28, Jeremiah 25:11-12, Jeremiah 15:2, Isaiah 23:15, and Daniel 9:2). Even though, the previous sources are considered "divine" sources they are actually natural observations after the fact or even during the events. However, according to the writer of the Book of Revelation this meant that something was to occur seventy years after the Temple's destruction. The parable of the 144,000 was describing the actual struggle of the believing Christian participants against the Roman Empire headed by Nero and its spirit of Nero. Nevertheless, the struggle differs with the previous rebuilding of the Temple after the Babylonian captivity era (Revelation 21:22).
(13) The parable of the seven plagues. The last segment of the deposition phase, presents evidence that the writer intended for his message to be fulfilled literally during the span of seventy years - A.D.70 to A.D.140 - where the plagues were intended to be manifested literally. Why adopt such an opinion? Why not suggest that the phrase "seven plagues" was rather symbolic rather than literal. The writer, John, is more successful as a natural writer than a supernatural one because of the usage of the previous phrase. The term “seven” does express a symbolic usage of the term but there is evidence that the writer believed in a literal supernatural intervention in the timeline. Revelation 15:1(Revelation 11:6) is a repeated theme existing in the previous destruction of the Temple by the Babylonians and from an earlier era. The expression existing in the verse was not intended by the writer to be as symbolic as the "seventh seal" in Revelation chapter eight. Revelation 15:1-3 is connected and makes reference to two whole chapters in Exodus (Exodus chapters ten and eleven). While, Exodus 11:1 states the term "plague", it was expounded by the writer of the Book of Revelation in its plural form to include a repeat of events which occurred during the era of Moses struggling with the ruling pharaoh of Egypt. It is possible that these terms were employed to demoralize the Roman government, in contrast, to uplift the morale of the Christian community and movement. The previous evidence is included in the combination of possible manifestations which never occurred: (a) the return of Persian control of Jerusalem to remove Roman hegemony (Revelation 9:12-20). The "seven plagues" was one of the failed predictions of the writer of the Book of Revelation because it was a repeated failed prediction from Revelation 9:12 and then emphasized in Revelation 9:20. The time the Babylonians invaded, 587 B.C., famine occurred within the city of Jerusalem because of the 18 months siege. The previous example is why the writer, John, employed the term "plagues" to predict it will occur among the Romans in the same manner it occurred under the Babylonians. The manifestation and the prediction of the "seven plagues" never materialized and it is another example of a false prophecy.
The mention of "moses" in Revelation 15:3 gives the impression to readers during the time of A.D.70 that a new order was to be developed when the Romans were driven off the land by the pursuing Persians. It was simply a hopeful and flawed natural prediction using past historical events. The previous observation is noted through two verses: Revelation 15:7-8. Here we know one of the four beasts of Revelation 4:7 surrenders the city of Jerusalem to the Persians. The Persians then are to surrender the land to the "Lamb" - Christian movement (Revelation 15:3, Revelation 15:8 and Revelation 21:22). The Persians during the era of Nero were the Arsacid Parthian Empire.
The theory is valid to present the idea that the Book of Revelation was a natural prediction which failed in some areas. It presents a new event into the timeline which differs from the past historical destruction by the Babylonians. The Persian return, and response to the destruction of the Temple by the Romans, means that the Romans are viewed as "Babylonians"(1st Peter 5:13). The "seven plagues" occur after the Temple's destruction by the Romans and the vision proposed by the writer is to suggest that Rome would have went through a 'divine punishment' from God which included unknown plagues immediately after the destruction of the Temple (Isaiah 51:19). The result was rather a natural expiration of the Roman Empire than a supernatural intervention (Revelation 16:19-21).
This particular chapter also validates an interjection by the writer to express the Hebrew alphabet through having twenty-two chapters within his book. It seems quite possible that this chapter could have been omitted or merged into another chapter. The Hebrew Alef Beis, or Hebrew alphabet, was employed by the writer to create the mirage of a supernaturally composed text to be addressed to another segment of the audience - The Jewish people. It is proven without a doubt that this particular chapter was not necessary and could have been omitted but the author wanted to add another theme and therefore creating another chapter.
This particular chapter also validates an interjection by the writer to express the Hebrew alphabet through having twenty-two chapters within his book. It seems quite possible that this chapter could have been omitted or merged into another chapter. The Hebrew Alef Beis, or Hebrew alphabet, was employed by the writer to create the mirage of a supernaturally composed text to be addressed to another segment of the audience - The Jewish people. It is proven without a doubt that this particular chapter was not necessary and could have been omitted but the author wanted to add another theme and therefore creating another chapter.
(14) The marks of Armageddon. Even though, the theme continues, the beginning of the third part of the court case is presented: The final verdict phase. The "spiritual" conflict is heightened towards a definite conclusion. The definition of the term - "earth" - The opening verse to the sixteenth chapter contains this term which could be misinterpreted in its modern usage. The answer to this dilemma is very rational. If the reader returns to the origin of the allegory in Exodus 10:15 the term is illuminated (Hebrews 10:32). The range of the term used is limited to the near geographic regions because of its intended application. "The Earth" is Jerusalem (Revelation 11:18 and 12:16) and Rome which was used to describe ancient Egypt (Exodus 10:15). The application of this term to describe ancient Egypt was previously used to describe the city and the lands of ancient Judea (Isaiah 14:7, 24:1, 24:3-6, 24:12, and 65:17). There are parts of the Book of Isaiah in which the term was used exactly to its true meaning. Nevertheless, the usage of the term in this chapter is a symbolic reference to the city of Jerusalem and the Roman Empire. In the next verse, Revelation 16:2, the evidence is given that the term "earth" includes the Roman empire because of the mention of "the mark of the beast". The worshippers of the image includes those participants of the marketplace (Revelation 2:14) and this expands the range of the meaning of "earth" in the context of the chapter. The next verse, Revelation 16:3, introduces a prelude to an ideological battle. This battle is rather symbolic and is designated as "Armageddon". The subject of Armageddon, Revelation 16:16, was already explained thoroughly in another chapter of this book - Book of Revolution. The intention of this parable is to express its peripheral variables into the equation. Armageddon, an amalgamated term, includes a meaning of the conflict between two sides expressing opposing cosmological views. The opposing views is a material conflict about the consumption of foods in the marketplace (Revelation 2:14 and 4:7) and an immaterial conflict of the mind (Revelation 3:5, 8:13, 12:13, 16:13, and 17:9-13) or rather philosophies. The conflict between the followers of Epicurus and Jesus of Nazareth is hinted carefully in Revelation 16:10-11. The leader of the Roman Epicurean movement during this time went by the name of Lucretius who wrote - On the Nature of Things - which explains and introduced an existential materialist view of Life and Death. It was the Roman manner that many individuals embraced into the Roman citizenry, who possess high labor value and over the working class, usually joined the Epicurean movement. The previous observation is clearly reasons for the implied mention of this movement by John within the Book of Revelation. While the inclusion of a third political entity, the Persian empire during the Roman era, hinted in Revelation 16:19(Revelation 9:12-20) and which failed to materialize(Revelation 16:19-21). Therefore, the marks of Armageddon are the marks of God and the marks of the beast(s). These marks are immaterial and therefore invisible to the eye. According to the writer of the Book of Revelation, the mark of the beast is initiated through buying and selling at the Roman-controlled marketplace under pagan statues (Revelation 13:15-18). The previous is a past cultural conflict repeated in Jewish history (Daniel chapter three and Romans 11:4). Furthermore, it includes the philosophical conflict between John's Millennialism and Roman Epicureanism.
(15) The synthesis of the pair of sevens. The parable in this chapter describes one of the two variables which will eventually join together to form a new union under the leadership of the Christian church or congregation (Revelation 21:1). The reason is because the term "sea" signifies a non-Jewish political entity. Revelation 21:1 describes the victory of the Christian community over the Roman Empire. Even though, this is a true statement through the writings of John, it is not a true prediction which was fulfilled under the seventy years cycle. The intention of the writer was to present a force of antithesis against the proposed thesis. Furthermore, the chapter presented is showing the Roman force to be ruinous to the Christian community. The theme in the first verse is presenting an attack on Hellenism and its output of philosophical hedonism. The conquest of the region by Rome in 40 B.C. enforced Hellenism through its new philosophy. The dangerous encroachment of the philosophy threatened the religious fabric of the Jewish community and then the nascent Christian community through compromise. The pair of sevens: the "seven hills"(Revelation 17:9) is the Roman Empire and the "seven churches"(Revelation 1:4). The opposition theory is given and explained in Revelation 17:15 because of the term - "waters". The failed prediction which failed to materialize within the seventy years span is expressed in Revelation 21:1-2. The reason for this failed prediction is clearly a timing of the supposed event and its failure to materialize in the duration given through the mention of "wormwood"(Revelation 8:11). The failed synthesis (Revelation 21:1-2), which is supposedly a complete victory for one side of the equation, never materialized. In fact, what did occur was a political compromise but a complete route for philosophical Hedonism (Stoicism and Epicureanism). However, its philosophical outcome, through social evolution- utilitarianism - survives today in all political forms.
Let us review some facts, the seven hills or mountains mention in Revelation 17:9 are – (1) The Palatine, (2) Capitoline, (3) Caelian, (4) Esquiline, (5) Aventine, (6) Viminal, (7) Quirinal (Source: footnote of page 12, Caesar and Christ by Will Durant). The leaders mentioned in Revelation 17:10 are – (1) Octavian, (2) Augustus, (3) Tiberius, (4) Gaius / Caligula, (5) Claudius, to the present ruler identified as Nero – the symbolic sixth ruler. The next verse, Revelation 17:11, is predicting the return of the fallen Nero because it was well rumored that he had escaped to the Persian empire, the very political entity in which Nero had several treaties. The next verse, Revelation 17:12, is the beginning of a new era starting with Nero and continues with ten more Roman emperors all containing the spirit of Nero. The reader, of the Book of Revelation during the era of the early Christians, expected several events to take place before the return of Jesus of Nazareth. There are two ways of counting knowing the chaos which took place after the demise of Nero. Both will be proven to lead to a false prediction and therefore a false prophecy by the writer of the Book of Revelation. Theory #A: 1) Galba, 2) Otho, 3) Vitellius, 4) Vespasian, 5) Titus, 6) Domitian, 7) Nerva, 8) Trajan, 9) Hadrian, 10) Antoninus Pius. Theory #B: Include all the leaders starting from Vespasian to Antoninus Pius then include Marcus Aurelius then add two more –Commodus son of Marcus Aurelius and Septimius Severus. The date of Septimus Severus rule would be between A.D. 193 to A.D. 211. Well, nothing occurred at A.D. 140 (The expiration of the seventy years cycle) and at A.D. 211. The only events which occurred were purges within the Christian community during those times to purge out the “Gnostic” believers. The intellectual purge was simply to get rid of the evidence of a false prediction and false prophecy because the “Gnostics” properly spiritualized the meanings of the predictions within the New Testament canons. Therefore, in reality, the verse of Revelation 17:9, described an ideological conflict between philosophies. This is an allegorical meaning of a continuous “spiritual” conflict between these two competing philosophies ending with the supposed return of Jesus of Nazareth (Revelation 17:14-15) which never materialized.
The failed prediction, by the writer of the Book of Revelation, does not invalidate the book itself but rather presents a natural political manifesto against the cultural forces of the Roman Empire. The Roman entity will be presented as becoming corrupt during its late stage called: The Pax Romana era (B.C. 30 to A.D. 180). The previous is a confirmation of natural causes rather than John's supernatural suppositions. Furthermore, the writer and author of the Book of Revelation tried to merge the Book of Daniel's ten horns (Daniel 7:7 and 7:24) with his treatise. The "ten horns" were already borrowed and then described, by John, as the Roman laws based on the twelve tablets and the TEN lawgivers. John must have seen this and thought that the "ten horns", initially located in the Book of Daniel, is no coincidence or thought it was a confirmation of a supernatural cause and later composed a treatise describing it as "divine inspiration". In fact, the previous proposed observation is based on textual evidence of borrowing because of the terms John used to convey his message. Many of the Roman Stoics would have stated that John is going through an Acatalepsy, a term used by Greek Skeptics to identify their philosophy. In other words, it is a way of saying it is based on the imagination and not on empirical data. Rene Descartes later in history would defend "Acatalepsy" in his own way by stating ‘knowledge’ is based on the mind and not on material observation because our observation could be misleading based through the workings of an invisible "demon"!? However, John may have been relying on past historical events which truly happened. Therefore, it is quite possible that John interpreted textual coincidence (and actual events) with "divine" inspiration. John; the writer, was motivated to compose such a document knowingly misinterpreted such a possible event, as the eventual destruction of the Jewish Temple, and tied it with a supernatural repeat of history. John then utilized Jewish history from previous books to present a case against the Roman Empire. Furthermore, the false prediction occurred when the numerical sequence expired (Revelation 17:2-18). The timely false prediction created a class of misguided Christian scholars which created the likes of St. Augustine of Hippo who later envisioned, falsely, another numerical error. Millennialism was made out of the confusion of many natural events, producing in effect, the false opinion of St. Augustine of Hippo who then thought John’s "ten kings"(deriving from the Book of Daniel 7:20,24)) were during the era he lived in.
The result of the failed prediction and numerical miscalculation still produced a synthesis based on material benefit years later. The fall of Rome occurred because of natural outcomes and not based on John's apocalyptic vision. The evidence is the failed seventy years cycle which was overlooked by such great philosophical giants of Christian academia - St. Augustine of Hippo. The fall of the Roman Empire was based on the misdirection of material flow within Roman society. The fall of this entity is noted as the continuous use of slave labor(cheap labor) and rent of some of the lands to the German federate tribes. This type of renting allowed years later for the eventual fall of Rome to the Gothic tribes. Of course, John has noted the use slave labor(Revelation 13:16,18:13 and 19:18) but never predicted it was one of the factors for the Fall of the Roman empire. Furthermore, John neither predicted nor properly identified the "evil" of diminished or reduced valued labor, the engine of scientific ingenuity. In the Roman Empire, the rise of cheap slave labor force into The Pax Romana era of the entity's existence, contributed later to its demise. The results of the increase of this cheap labor created high unemployment among the roman citizenry which resulted in riots, political instability, and even corruption. In other words, John never predicted the removal of slave labor from modern material economics in the Roman sphere of influence rather he incorporated it in his future vision. Nor has he predicted the apparent outcomes or results of "slave labor"(cheap labor): unemployment. The unemployment of valued labor, the causes of riots and political instability, created a window of opportunity for the writer of the Book of Revelation. However, John has failed to connect the dots to the material causes of the riots and political instability presenting a false prediction. Furthermore, he only expressed the alternative philosophical vision to replace psychological hedonism which means that his treatise is a natural manifestation rather than a supernatural one. John also omitted the "sin" of usury in his manifesto (Ezekiel chapter eighteen), the very "sin" which factored into the destruction of the previous Temple by the Babylonians. Therefore the result of John's apocalyptic Millennialistic vision: the removal of a mental idol and replaced with another in its place. Nevertheless, the problem of political corruption is universal.
(16) The spectre of Babylon. The transference of the material reality from the immaterial ideal did not occur. The writer of the Book of Revelation presents the outcome of his treatise: The natural to the supernatural to the absurdity. The collapse of the Roman Empire and introduction of the Christian empire decreased scientific ingenuity. The reason for this collapse was the continuation of the material 'status quo' flow of the Roman Empire under classical conservative form of government. In other words, the political imposition of one individual rule over the populace contributed to the poor material flow or circulation of wealth. The Book of Revelation, and other books within the New Testament, would never address the problem of poor material flow which has contributed to the downfall of the Roman Empire. Hence, the reason of why the New Testament "prophecies" or predictions failed to present the true origin of political corruption within the Roman empire and without. The subject of the parable directs the reader to an old problem which originates and predates the Babylonian entity. The problem, according to the writer, was the symptom - Political corruption. The problem, based on empirical data, is the increase of slave labor over the volume of valued labor over time within the political entity. The problem of slave labor is the value of its cheapness that would favor the corporate entity while decreasing the other sources of tax revenue for the state entity (Revelation 18:15) . The writer of the Book of Revelation attempted to address the problem through the usage of symbolic metaphors which expressed only one variable or outcome of the poor flow of materials within society-Political corruption. Does this mean the writer has received a "divine command”? This will be proven to actually be a natural observation by the writer himself.
The evidence of the previous presupposition derives from the behavior and conditions of the Roman leadership during the time of Christian persecution. The policies adopted by the previous leaders before Nero, introduced policies which weakened the state of Rome. For instance, through invading other lands which is land expansion, slave labor supply increased which resulted in high unemployment among the Roman citizenry. Furthermore, the rise of slave labor created unemployment among the Roman citizenry which created political instability. In other words, the theory and proposition presented is that the expansion of the Roman political entity through wars was followed by an increase of slave labor. Therefore, the problem was never 'wars to expand' but rather 'the imposition of slave labor' which increased unemployment among the Roman citizenry. Example; the increase of slave labor, which is also cheap labor, also increased the unemployment rate among the Roman citizenry. The increase of unemployment, among the citizenry, created riots periodically and these riots were then complimented with the persecution of minorities. Two disastrous results occurred: 1) The persecution of Christians increased, 2) The level of scientific ingenuity decreased. The reason of why there existed two forces within the Roman government: Force #1 - the increase of the Roman state through wars, land expansion and the imposition of slave labor. Force #2 - the increase of the Roman citizenry creating also regular employment which reduced riots and increased scientific ingenuity.
Therefore, the writer of the Book of Revelation expressed his discontent by composing a book filled with metaphorical symbolism and a court case against the Roman Empire. The treatise is proven not to be from a 'divine source' because there is no evidence that the treatise addressed the source of the problem and also many other factors were left out by the writer. The treatise was a hope and encouragement to the persecuted minority,.i.e. Christian community. The treatise was also an attempt to get gentile Roman citizens to help the persecuted Christians. Furthermore, it was also an address to the violent Jewish revolutionaries fighting the Roman army. However, the treatise was filled with false predictions along with borrowed themes from previous books and secular sources of the era.
The answer is given of what is the true meaning of the mention of "Babylon"? The answer, by the writer, is to suggest Roman political corruption. The corruption is interpreted by the writer to be derived from a supernatural source rather than concluding it from a natural source. The omission is not intentional but rather through ignorance which then exposes the writer to be composing a natural treatise with natural errors or mistakes. Was John using symbolic images to convey natural outcomes concerning the growth of the Roman Empire? Yes, the usage of "plagues" could be several manifestations which includes riots (Revelation 18:3-10). The mention of "slaves" is both a natural observation and an error (Revelation 18:13). It is a natural observation because it is a fact through the behavior of the Roman political policy to impose slavery on conquered tribes but the writer does not suggest that it is the cause of the "riots" or "plagues" because it results in unemployment for the Roman citizenry. Therefore; the verse mentioned, Revelation 6:15-16, is an error by the writer because of the mention of "slaves".
The above is summarized by one verse located in the previous chapter - Revelation 17:5 - "and upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON the great, the mother of harlots and abominations of the Earth".
The "mystery" is not the political entity itself but the lack of circulation of the wealth within it and its consequences of internal rebellions. An earlier example was the Pisonian revolt and conspiracy against Nero. Why has this been proposed? The reason is because the pattern of conquest always lead to slave labor which only strengthens a few corporate entities within a tribal empire(Revelation 18:15). The consequences are tremendous for the political entity and other variables associated with the state entity. The increase of unemployment among the citizenry caused the increase of state instability. The hypothesis is presented:
A) The lack of material interactions, concentrated into a few corporate entities within a tribal state, caused the collapse of the Roman Empire? In other words, the rise of unemployment caused riots and consequently political corruption over several years?
B) Increased political corruption caused unemployment through political mismanagement?
The reason for the lack of material circulation is the imposition of slave-labor through tribal-state expansion which created the corruption within the state. In other words, the invasion and possession of other lands through the consequent imposition of slavery or slave-labor created a systematic problem. The previous observation is known to describe the political turbulent years of the Roman Empire. The same would characterize the Babylonian entity which invaded Jerusalem in B.C. 587.
The understanding is now made concerning the 'divine inspiration' of John and the treatise was expressing a natural phenomenon with symbolic overtones. The other observation is the role of the imposition of slavery compared to the imposition of citizenship. These two opposing viewpoints were at odds within the Roman government before the time of the writer and after the treatise. The writer of the Book of Revelation and Paul both expressed the imposition of citizenship to the non-Jews or gentiles(Romans chapter eleven and Revelation chapters seven and fourteen) and this adoption of an opinion may have strengthen the case for the acceptance of Christianity among the Roman populace.
'The Roman Material Theory' is presented and it is a statement declaring the fall of Iron age empires was a natural occurrence through state imposition of slave-labor which decreased the overall wages of the citizenry while strengthening a few 'Iron Age' corporations. The writer of the Book of Revelation was aware of the influence of a powerful few corporate entities or "merchants" (Revelation 18:15) but never concluded a material outcome in the timeline. The writer of the Book of Revelation actually predicted, falsely, a supernatural outcome of events within the timeline.
Revelation 18:21 is prime example of a false prediction. The verse is a borrowed theme from the Book of Jeremiah suggesting a supernatural intervention against the Roman Empire. The natural disaster of the volcanic eruption of Vesuvius around Pompeii in A.D.79 occurred nine years after the destruction of the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem. This coincidence would probably fit the verse - Revelation 18:21? The problem with this connection is the fire of Rome during Nero's time and the fire of Rome during Titus' reign in A.D.80.The next evidence is the stability of the Roman Empire which occurred years later under five Roman emperors. These Roman emperors are known as "The Five Good Emperors": Nerva, Trajan, Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, and Marcus Aurelius. The rule of these five emperors was a temporary halt to the usual imposition of the classical conservative model (one individual rule) and the application of the classical liberal model of multiple state representation. In other words, the democratization of material flow would create state stability. Therefore, Revelation 18:21(Jeremiah 51:63-64) has already happened if the verse is to be believed literally or it never occurred yet? The proposition is given: the verse previously mentioned is an allegorical expression of the "divine" punishment against the Roman empire. If the previous verse has not been fulfilled then what is the meaning of "wormwood"(Revelation 8:10-11) or the seventy years span within the Book of Revelation? It would only conclude in a false prediction. The natural coincidence which occurred at least three times is not evidence of a supernatural intervention.
The mention of usury is stated by the author. The indirect reference is made concerning the "sin" of usury. Revelation 18:6 seems to be referring implicitly to Ezekiel 18:8-13 and Nehemiah 5:7 but not an explicit statement. Even if the admittance is made concerning usury, the problem is not usury but rather greed. By the way, usury is part of the mechanism for the circulation of wealth and therefore the greed of the few destroys the circulation of wealth. Revelation 18:3 is identifying the guilty actors of this greed which has captured and hijacked the Roman government. The term - "merchant" - represents the corporate class or the corporate entity. The usage of the term; by John, is to point out that only a few "merchants" are powerful, influential, and part of the Roman government. In other words, the existence of the "merchants" is not the problem (Revelation 18:15) it is rather a few which has adopted the behavior to hoard wealth through mismanaging the circulation of materials.
The subject of usury is very important to the author as it is written, Revelation 18:6, but the issue is convoluted through the behavior of the Christian community during the rule of Constantine in A.D. 312 and the rulings of the council of Nicea in A.D. 325. The reason for the success of the Barbarian invasion into Rome in A.D. 410, by Alaric, was the ongoing application of the true corruption - slave labor and one individual rule of government - the very factors which lead to the previous fall of the secular Roman Empire. The issue of usury was a non-factor and does nothing to the health of a nation during both rulingships of the Roman Empire and the Roman Christian Empire. The issue never involved usury, the problem was the continuous imposition of slave labor and form of government borrowed from the previous Roman authority. The cause is the slave labor and the effect is the form of government (classical conservative model or one individual ruling the state) which leads to corruption at the state level and corporate level. The evidence will be presented but the issue of St. Augustine of Hippo's critique concerning the causes of the fall of the Roman Christian government - City of God - was a treatise not addressing the cause. If the reader glances over St. Augustine of Hippo's treatise on the matter, the reader will notice he never mentions state financial issues but rather explains a conflict of philosophical ideas. The issue is clear, St. Augustine of Hippo, is not an economist but has contributed to the furtherance of the ignorant trend of religious philosophical clashes which created the first champion of Millennialism. The evidence showing that usury was never an issue even during the theocratic rule of the Roman Christian government is stated in a historical book:
"These monetary changes produced coins suitable for the larger economic transactions that characterized thirteenth-century Europe....A crusader, for instance, might buy a letter of credit which he could cash in a Syrian port; a pope could send funds to his legate in Dublin; a king could pay by draft for crown jewels to be brought in Constantinople. And despite the prohibitions of ecclesiastical law, the Lombards did a flourishing business in moneylending. The Church, by citing various texts from the Bible, had forbidden the taking of usury. To read certain authors, one would suppose that such prohibition tended to paralyze all credit operations in the Middle Ages. But it is an instructive fact that, even in the days of Innocent III, the utmost pressure of ecclesiastical authority could not even prevent ordinary buying and selling on Sunday. And in connection with the lending of money the church itself taught Christians how to circumvent the canon law" (Source: Mediaeval history: Europe from the Second to the Sixteenth Century,4th ed.,pg. 529, Carl Stephenson).
Question: Has the subject of usury proven to be a fallacy in both the Old Testament and New Testament canons?
Answer: Yes, rather, it has exposed three canons: Jewish, Christian and Islamic canons. The reason for this flaw is promotion and imposition of slave labor or cheap labor over the years which suppressed wages and discouraged scientific inquiry. In other words, the problem was partly identified but not fully comprehended by the author of the Book of Revelation. Therefore, exposing the Book of Revelation to be a natural manifesto against the Roman Empire's persecution of Christians during the era of the writer. The Dark Ages of Europe under the concentration of a theonomy which suppressed scientific creativity and ingenuity. The members of the modern Christian community are no longer following this specific 'divine command' - no usury - which in itself proves that the creator of John does not exist. The primary reason is because usury is proven to be a non-factor in the modern operation of the global economy. In both eras, during the Roman Empire and the Christian Roman Empire, the subject and the imposition of usury never changed the orientation of the state entity. However, the imposition of slave labor which created cheap labor caused unemployment among the citizenry, riots and eventually state instability. Furthermore; during the rule of the secular Roman emperors, scientific ingenuity was bound by a single indirect problem of low wages then doubly compounded with a "divine command" of the forbidence of usury, through a Christian theonomy, which created the problem of direct suppression of scientific ingenuity.
Another contradiction is the initiation of the Crusades which contradicts the order located in Matthew 10:34 which present Jesus or God as the sword. Nevertheless, the writer of the Book of Revelation has presented a borrowed theme and a powerful image. John’s image is presenting a metaphorical Judge delivering his final verdict and punishment on the guilty party in the 'divine' court room. John’s proposed image is an honorific vision towards his fallen comrade – Paul – who was put in a court room and eventually martyred, years later, by the orders of Nero.
(17) The Wedding supper of the Lamb. The start and forward theme is given by the author of the Book of Revelation, John, is describing the eventual victory of the Christian community over the Roman Empire. The eventual triumph was the conversion of the Emperor Constantine to Christianity in A.D. 312 and the promulgation of the Christian creed by the Nicea Council in AD.325. The triumph was a natural manifestation rather than a divine one which took almost two hundred years after the predicted date, A.D.140, given by John in the Book of Revelation. The evidence above stating the usury regulation is an example of Moral sublimation (which is discussed in Chapter 29 of this book - Book of Revolution). Moral sublimation is the gradual disappearance of a moral code, through social historical evolution, into an irrelevant feature of humanity.
The predictions by John are natural hopes and goals of the early Christian community which has manifested itself way after its predicted date. The title above, for this parable, is derived from Revelation 19:7-9 where the symbolism is given presenting the union of the region of Jerusalem with the community of believers. The main evidence showing Jesus of Nazareth's physical return is Revelation 19:11 and it corresponds with two other verses: Revelation 1:7 and the Gospel of John 19:34. The previous is proof that the return of Jesus of Nazareth - the Messiah of the Christian community - is false. There is no physical literal return of Jesus of Nazareth as the previous historical evidence has proven. The historical evidence has also, without a doubt, proven the contradictions or false predictions by John. The Gospel of John's evidence is also proof that the terms: "water" and "blood" are symbolic descriptions of non-believers and believers rather than literal descriptions. The evidence was detailed an earlier parable concerning the verse within the chapter, Revelation 19:13, which shows this allegorical description for "blood".
The doctrine and belief of Christianity flourished naturally because of the early Christians ability to adopt some of the concepts from the Roman Empire. Paul, John, and other New Testament writers adapted to their social conditions by promoting one important principle abandoned by the Roman emperors: the principle of expanding citizenship to their fellow human beings. The weakness of Rome was not based on warfare but rather a non-violent element among the Roman compound - the expansion of citizenship. The principle was immediately adopted by Paul, John and other early Christian leaders. The adoption of such a principle was a brilliant move by the Christian leadership because it was appealing to some Gentile plebeians who were not yet citizens of the Roman state. Therefore, Paul's Romans chapter eleven and John's chapters seven and fourteen in the Book of Revelation are natural calculations which have preserved the existence of the Christian community. A comparison could be made to the genius of individuals previously mentioned to the founders of the Russian communist movement who have also sacrificed their lives for a material cause. Even though, the material supposition delivered by Karl Marx could also be proven flawed through empirical observation and social evolution. The founder of the term and observation of "theonomy", Cornelius Van Til, also missed the meaning and role of social evolution. The fallacy within his “theonomy” observation and belief system is the missing factor of social evolution. In other words, all belief systems whether they are "religious" or philosophy based are subject to transforming or changing because of social evolution. The previous explanation of the fallacy exposes the fact that the message of Christianity is limited and expired like most ancient belief systems.
Therefore, as natural revolutionaries, Paul and John partially exposed to the readers of their era and modern times the expected corruption when the corporate entity has saturated the state entity completely. In other words, the words of the natural revolutionaries, exposed the flaw of a particular economic and political system which predates the Babylonian empire. The leaders of the nascent Christian community through the promotion of a reformed Jewish belief system, or Christianity, addressed the problem incompletely because of their rationale to install a theocracy (Revelation 2:27 and 19:15). Furthermore, the relationship between the Roman state and its "merchants" (Revelation 18:16) has exposed the readers to the phenomenon of an early form of scientific capitalism which manifested in the Iron Age. The relationship between these two entities has shown one of the many errors which could develop between the said entities. The scholar of anthropology, Christian Jurgensen Thomsen, presented the above three-tier system. The system he proposed presented the industrial evolution of humanity. The proposed Ages: The Stone Age, The Bronze Age, and then the Iron Age; in which the Roman empire existed, presents the evolutionary synthesis between the state entity and corporate entity. An ancient Greek poet, Hesiod, composed a poem mentioning a five-tier system: Golden Age, Silver Age, Bronze Age, Heroic Age, and the Iron Age. The work is titled - Works and Days - which presented the five-tier system. Interestingly, it could be possible that Daniel mentioned this in the Book of Daniel 2:34-35 but borrowed the knowledge of 'the Ages' from Hesiod's poem or composed work? Let the reader observe: the siege and invasion of Jerusalem occurred in B.C. 587 and the poet lived between B.C. 750 and B.C. 650. Therefore, it is very possible that Daniel borrowed the description of 'the Ages' and then metaphorically developed the images from a previous work by the ancient Greek poet. Then, the author of the Book Revelation borrowed Daniel's images to describe the natural phenomenon of political corruption which predates the Babylonian empire. John expressed this corruption through the phrase: "Mystery Babylon" to describe the corruption within the Roman Empire (Revelation 17:5).
The modern discipline which supports the ‘Roman Material Theory' would be the work of Jean Fourastie. The previous scholar described the evolutionary modern development stage between the state entity and corporate entity as the Industrial Age. Overall, the Industrial Age would be categorized within the timeline between the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The development into the Industrial Age has been categorized into a three-tier system: Primary sector(agricultural), Secondary sector(manufacturing and promotion of inventions), and Tertiary sector(mass manufacturing of items). According to Jean Fourasties, a nation-state(tribe) enters the Industrial Age through the expansion of the "secondary sector". The question arises, what happened during the transition between the Roman Empire and the installment of the Roman Christian empire under emperor Constantine? The secondary sector suffered because of the continued imposition of cheap labor and "slave labor" despite the imposition of "religious" financial regulation,i.e. the negation of usury. The above discredits the verses pertaining to the social regulation against usury (Revelation 18:6 and Ezekiel 18:5-13) supported by years of economical empirical evidence. There are also clear mistakes by Paul himself which supports the behavior of slavery (Letter to Philemon, Ephesians 6:5-9) and is evidence of the overall fallibility of the Christian message as it pertains to the complete salvation of the human race on Earth. Why would Paul, and his God, fail to address the complete picture concerning the conditions of the people living in Judea and the Roman Empire? The previous is an example of the flaws within the belief system and the imposed Christian theonomy years later after the verdict of the Council of Nicea. Therefore, Revelation 19:11-21 is the key of the whole Revelation of John presenting a clear false "prophecy" or a failed proposed supernatural prediction. Is it possible that the Gnostics, years later, properly "spiritualized" the message of the writers of the New Testament canon? Is it possible that the Council of Nicaea simply suppressed these ideas to hide the fact that the predictions circulating among the Christian community during those times were a fallacy? The proposal is constructed the acts of the Council, and eventually later St.Augustine of Hippo, were to collaborate in the development of a false doctrine which is based on a poor philosophical foundation concerning one important aspect of the lives of humans or sentient beings - the material realm. The synthesis, which is the Roman Christian theonomy, removed the philosophical thesis of psychological hedonism- Epicureanism and Stoicism - and installed a theocracy which discouraged further scientific development, mass manufacturing of inventions and the imposition of cheap labor or low wages. Was this the intent of the New Testament writers to encourage sound material economics? No, it was the intent of the New Testament writers to await the immediate return of the Jesus of Nazareth the “Messiah” during one or two more generations copying the previous duration of the previous Jewish Babylonian captivity (Revelation 13:10, Ephesians 4:8 and Jeremiah 15:2).
The human race, since the installment of the "religious" theonomies, has suffered a captivity. The captivity of the mind, by theonomies and negative material philosophies, which brought forward poor material mismanagement and eventually political corruption. This captivity derives from nature and not from supernatural ghosts within the machine of history. The positive material philosophies also did not develop or were not promoted during these eras. The previous example of the social negation of usury, compounded with imposition of negative philosophies, resulted in the lack of technological progress. The previous statement is supported by the historical scholar and evidence by Carl Stephenson:
" Inevitably, as Rome became the metropolis of the Mediterranean world, the courts were led to supplement the ancient law of citizens(ius civile) with a new and more flexible law of noncitizens(ius gentium)". (Source: Mediaeval history: Europe from the Second to the Sixteenth Century,4th ed.,pg. 13, Carl Stephenson).
The above evidence tells the reader the root of the problem among the Romans. It tells the reader also one of the reasons for the attraction towards early Christianity. Therefore, strength of Christianity is the Roman empires weakness expressed by Paul in Romans Chapter eleven and in John's Revelation chapter seven and fourteen.
The writings of Karl Marx, which observed the evils of the Industrial Age, also resulted in an error. The error was to formulate a theory of total state control of material forces within a nation-state while dissolving the corporate entity. The promotion of state control was a copy of the same template from previous early human eras. In other words, the tribal material well-being controlled by one leader during the Industrial Age. It was simply the replacement of the "divine" leader for the atheist or non-"divine" leader and it was the copy of the previous classical conservative model of one individual rule rather than its democratization. The Communism which developed years after Karl Marx is not similar to its supposed champion and the Christianity which came after John was also not the same. Both philosophies are similar and different in many ways. The common denominator between these two movements is the manner in the propagation of their beliefs and members willing to die for their respective causes. Therefore, the war of winning the mind was the tactic of the author of the Book of Revelation(Revelation 17:9,13) and a clue to its winning strategy over the Roman government which lost its battle over citizenship of the populace at the leadership level. The early formation of Islam also went through a similar transformation and success against former regions under the Roman Christian government and other tribal nation-states. Marxism, however, differs from the two movements in philosophical belief and subject matter. The subject matter being the material well-being of the citizens of a nation-state rather than their direct contribution to the philosophical outlook of the citizenry. In communism, the material well-being would have resulted in a gradual philosophical change within the populace. While in John's early Christianity, Revelation 19:19-20 expresses the author's concept of a mind war or propaganda war and leaving the physical war to supernatural intervention. In the verse, Revelation 19:20, presents to the reader the enemies of the early Christian movement: The corrupt Roman leadership, its philosophical twin (Stoicism or psychological hedonism, lead by Seneca (Revelation 16:10-11,13)) and so-called Christian hypocrites(Hymenaeus and Philetus, as examples, noted in 2nd Timothy 2:17). The symbolism is shown with Korah's previous rebellion which is mention in the Old Testament source of the Book of Numbers(Numbers chapter sixteen) which directs the reader to include hypocrites or antagonists within the Christian movement. So, the Christian movement during the time of the author presented the formula of combating both enemies from within and without using the most persuasive form of expression during those times and region - general religious language.
What is 'The Roman Material Theory' and its prescription? The theory is stating the introduction of political corruption through an imbalance in the material flow. The initial symptom is the imposition of "slave-labor" or cheap labor which creates unemployment among the already members of the nation-state or tribe. The result of this exchange: the creation of a few rich corporations or corporate entities within the nation-state or tribal affiliation (Revelation 18:15). In other words, the collision of the two circles will result in the creation of a middle area(c): (a) "Slave" cheap labor , and (b) A few rich corporations lead in the formation of a , (c) corrupt political nation-state because of a corrupted state entity. In other words, the state entity is saturated by the influence and power of a few corporations. Furthermore, the raising of taxes would be an effect and not a cause of the previous dillemma. The raising taxes occurs because the leadership has to raise money for unemployment remedies - Entertainments and public projects to keep non-slave labor in contentment.
In the above presentation, the idea of the Laffer curve is refuted. The idea of lower taxation for corporations, to an old ages problem, will not result in the furtherance of natural rights nor liberties but rather its opposite. Also, the increase of citizenship also would force the moderation of wages and taxation. The rule of law would be preserved by the state therefore resulting in the minimalization of corruption. In other words, the preservation of material flow within society or a specific nation-state or tribe for the plebeians. Again, the references by the New Testament writers are numerous but inadequate in some parts but clearly shows signs of borrowing from other sources: Romans chapter eleven, 2nd Thessalonians 3:8-10, Revelation chapters seven and fourteen.
(18) The Thousand years reign of the Messiah. The reign of the messiah never occurred and this absence of an event may have been the true intention of the author of the Book of Revelation (Revelation 20:3-6). Therefore, what could explain the supposed vision given to Emperor Constantine? Eventhough, it was rumored to be a political move to end the ongoing Christian debates among the believers of a failed prediction, it fulfilled its function to solidify the Christian community until the verdicts of Council of Nicea. The verdicts of the Council removed any doubters and their texts called the "Gnostics" as official representatives of the Christian community. The truth of the matter, it would have been easier to "spiritualize" the supposed physical return of the messiah rather than endure more years of social purges. Nevertheless, the previous suggestion is what occurred years later with the manifestation of an off-shot of Jewish and Christian protest manuals - Islam. The list grows after Islam concerning social purges which later developed unto the modern era.
The human race faces other social purges which exposes the other side of the fallacy: State control and total management of materials. The pre-Industrial theonomies also exercised state control but their folly was not the negation of the corporate entity but rather the enforcement of cheap labor through the practice of slavery. After the manifesto, presented by Karl Marx, many other treatises followed detailing the crimes against humanity. Karl Marx was correct in explaining the peripheral outcomes of the Industrial Age which states many social evils. However, Karl Marx was incorrect in prescribing a remedy which promotes the installation of another form of classical conservative model of leadership. It is very possible that Karl Marx never envisioned the slow process of social evolution. Eventhough, he tried to get in contact with Charles Darwin much later to exchange notes. Karl Marx only saw the evil results of the conflict surrounding the struggle of the Paris commune of 1871 to conclude that the classical liberal model is not the solution. The inner and further details of this observation will be discussed in the second volume of this book - Book of Revolution.
The problem is known through historical empirical date which is further evidence of the erosion of power through the hand of one individual. After Karl Marx' various treatise on the imposition of the modern classical conservative model ,of one individual rule, the witnesses of history saw the carnage of Stalin and Hitler. Through Stalin we had witnessed the elimination of many individuals which may have contributed to the historical material timeline. The social purges by Stalin was not through the prism of theonomy but through the material observation of Karl Marx. In Germany, the homeland of Karl Marx, an evil arose which spoke of the ancient and supposed tribal greatness of Germany which rode on a similar material observation but through a corrupt form of darwanism. Hence, the reader is reminded of Herbert Spencer's social darwanism - a negative material flow. How should the proposed hypothesis of the Roman Material Theory address such a dilemma? The problem is the initial factor of cheap labor which created social tensions and then the creation of state tension. The solution or remedy has always been the preservation of human rights through natural rights preserved by a just state entity. However, through observing the Roman Empire we witness both the discomposure and the ataraxy of the state entity. Only through the absence of a dictatorship of the state entity, and henceforth the democratization of material forces, the result has been the material progress for all within society.
The other problem has been the introduction of false material philosophy and its admixture to adopt flawed concepts. Hitler, through his warped understanding of the Millennial reference, borrowed the phrase from the Book of Revelation which was proven to be a fallacy. The readers could witness this fallacy and its results when a concept from theonomy is not socially refuted within thinking circles of society. Germany went through a first world war, which produced the environment for a pseudo-thinker to rise from the ashes of the German workers' holocaust. The social conditions, of the First World War, was an issue which Karl Marx addressed many times over and this very subject make Karl Marx a truth-teller. The social evils of the Industrial Revolution originates from the low wages of the working masses which only strengthen a few corporations and corrupted the state entity which resulted in a "World War". The previous statement resulted in the encouraging conditions for the launching of the First World War because of social tensions which created false material philosophies throughout Europe along with its theonomic attachments with hundreds of years of prejudices. There is a healthy suspicion that the rise of Hitler's party was financed by a wealthy few controlling such corporations to combat the rise of Marxism within Germany. The fight within has been the tug of war between the said theonomic forces and particular communist atheistic forces to install both of their reactions to the conditions: the imposition of the classical conservative model of an autocratic one individual rule. The winner, Hitler, obviously astrocized ethnic minorities as well as Jewish scientist by the name of Albert Einstein who is credited for the proved theories of physics and removed the Marxists from the scene. While Stalin in Russia, eliminated physically not only political opponents as well but also scientists of all persuasions. The results only proves the saying: "Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely " said by John Emerich Edward Dalberg-Acton or Lord Acton.
The introduction of the corporate entity into the material timeline of humanity is irreversible. The previous observation has been as an empirical fact through the error of the Soviet experience. Karl Marx did not live long enough to make an alternative theory or to observe the disaster of the Soviet social experiment. The above proves that the negation and absence of the corporate entity would be disastrous for humanity. Therefore, at least three factors are observed for the Roman Material Theory: the imbalance of the material flow, the imposition of a flawed theonomy or a poor social philosophy, the existence of social tensions preceded the introduction of state tensions and the absence of a corporate entity would equate to political corruption resulting in an industrial depression. The previous comes close to the Second Theory of Thermodynamics without applying the truth of David Hume's dictum.
The social tensions existed before the introduction of state tensions. Therefore, the previous condition is possible when the social tensions first existed and then state actors within the state entity initiated state tensions. These peripherals, overall, are the systemic tensions of the Roman Material Theory. The wrong prescription has been observed though Hitler's Germany and Stalin's Russia where the absolute control or removal of the corporate entity occurred. The Roman Material Theory or hypothesis could also be applied to the pre-conditions of the American Civil war. The RMT applies to the southern states during President Lincoln's era: If southern states prevailed then the theory would be properly applied because of the volume of slave labor which represents cheap labor within the populace. The eventual social tensions would have resulted in mass unrests which would have then furthered interstate disturbances and creation of state actors to initiate interstate tensions. During the process, only a few corporate entities would have benefited and therefore business interest would have sabotaged the overall material well-being of "southern" society. The next evidence of the relevance of the 'Roman Material Theory' would be the social tensions within the current Federal state of Mexico where political corruption has established itself within the system. The economic-political "push" factors have resulted in the decay of the Mexican democracy. The social tensions described through the proposed 'Roman Material Theory' is very obvious in the case of Mexico.
The 'Gog and Magog' entity is mentioned in Revelation 20:8 and it is rather symbolic than literal. The details of the hypothesis concerning the metaphysical entity is discussed in chapter eight of this book - Book of Revolution. The dangers of generalization will be presented and it is relevant knowing that the Book of Revelation's message has expired beyond its predicted date. Since the onset of the interpretations given by John Nelson Darby's dispensationalism doctrine the readers and interpreters of the Book of Revelation have witnessed wars. Were the wars caused by the interpretations of John Nelson Darby? No, there is no clear evidence of any connection. However, the most convincing evidence of biblical misinterpretation has been the misuse by Hitler of the 'thousand years' reign , which was intended for Jesus, for the NAZI doctrine of a 'thousand years' reign. The prejudices and bigotry has existed within Europe before the rise of the NAZI (National Socialist German Workers) party but surely the social practices derive from the past crusades and compounded by social tensions. The remainder entity left to be twisted and misinterpreted is the 'Gog and Magog' entity which truly is connected with the rebuilding of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by Zerubbabel and others of this specific era. John's usage of the 'Gog and Magog' entity was to present to his readers the people opposed to the early Christian message during the Roman Empire's era. The current trend is to generalize, falsely, that the 'Gog and Magog' reference is describing the Asian and Russian peoples by tracing the origin of the said tribal entity. The previous only proves, one the many proofs, the fallacy of the modern interpreters of the Old Testament and New Testament canons. The modern interpreters have adopted the literal view of the 'Gog and Magog' reference because these readers of Revelation's "prophecy" have already accepted the absurd from the reality. Furthermore, John Nelson Darby's misinterpretation of the term - "Dispensationalism" ignores the fact that Paul's usage of the term derives from Paul's false prediction of a desecration of the Temple rather than its complete destruction. Therefore, the real intent of John's message has been to address the 'Gog and Magog' derive from the disbelievers of the Jewish-Christians, Gentile Christians, Jewish revolutionaries and the Jewish community, Gentile Romans and the Philosopher class. The last class being mentioned is the real danger to the message of Christianity. The previous danger delivered by Paul earlier and John later within the treatise from the island of Patmos. The danger of generalization becomes clear and obvious if the message of Christianity is not filtered and realized. One important observation is that Christianity did not produce a difference within the historical timeline but rather copied the same problem which the materialists have went through proving the case for social evolution over theonomy.
(19) New Jerusalem and the Temple within. The theme of New Jerusalem coming out of the sky is another borrowed theme. The evident verses are Revelation 21:2,10 (Revelation 3:12) which may derive from 2nd Esdras 13:36? The question would be where does 2nd Esdras originate? Even if the answer is given, another question arises, which of these collections mentioned the fallen city first? If the Book of Revelation was a specially given and designed Book by a creator then why is there another book mentioning this event? It is claimed that the Book 2nd Esdras is traced back to Ezra. The very individual which took part in the rebuilding of the Temple after the seventy years Babylonian captivity. The other question arises, why has the Catholic Church retained it in their collection but later the Protestants disregarded this particular book? The four theories are formulated concerning this mystery:
a) The Book, 2nd Esdras, is truly a metaphorical expression through Ezra in contrast with the other Book given the title of his name. Ezra's usage of metaphorical expressions, in 2nd Esdras, was another manner of describing a literal event? Was the book, 2nd Esrdas, intended for the future?
b) The Book was composed during the time of the destruction of the Second Temple by the Romans. It was written by a Jewish revolutionary, or a Jewish priest or a Jewish commoner.
c) The Book is authored by a later Christian writer loyal to the early Christian leadership? Hence, the reason why it was not disregarded as a 'Gnostic' composition or protest manual by the Council of Nicea years later.
d) The Book was created through another Jewish priest, not Ezra, after the rebuilding of the Temple and before the Roman destruction of the Temple?
e) The Book of Hebrews has also implied the spiritual city several times which only creates the speculation that the inference has been in circulation in Jewish society through oral tradition.
The five observations above would not be able to answer and correct the previous conclusion. The conclusion earlier presented showing the Book of Revelation was meant to be fulfilled during the era of the Roman Empire. Revelation 21:1 has hinted that the "sea" will no longer exist. The previous is not a literal image or event but rather an allegorical expression suggesting that the Gentiles will no longer be "gentiles" but believers. In other words, the Book of Revelation is mentioning that there is no heaven but rather it will exist on a new Earth because "death" and "hell" would be eliminated (Revelation 20:14). The proposed 'Temporal Flow Thesis' is given from all the previous chapters:
"Symbolic description" ---> "The A.D. 70 admixture point" ---> "Literal description"
It is from the clash of the synthesis entities: Seven Churches -->*<-- Seven Hills of Rome.
The point (*), starts at Revelation 21:1 where according to the author, there is a literal materialist victory on Earth over the forces of the Roman empire used by "evil". The reason for this turn of events is because the Book of Isaiah has employed this language to describe the rebuilding of the Second Temple (Isaiah 65:17). However, the Temple and Tabernacle is Jesus of Nazareth (Revelation 21:3,22). Therefore, the intention of the writer and author of the Book of Revelation, has expressed the conclusion that there is no future Temple in Jerusalem because Jesus himself is the Temple. If the writer expressed this then why are many modern Christians for the rebuilding of the Temple? If we followed the "prophecy" from beginning to end, any reader will observe that the author intended the Book of Revelation to be fully fulfilled around A.D. 140 and another variable is factored in. The variable is that Jesus himself is the Temple and Tabernacle (Revelation 21:3,22). The Gospel of John (John 2:19-21) and the Book of Revelation (Revelation 21:22) both expresses this conclusion and if the writer was confident that a new Temple would be rebuilt then he would have clearly stated the previous possibility. The previous collections or books were written some years after the Temple’s destruction but the writer refuses to present an alternative vision of a physically New Temple in Jerusalem.
The A.D. 70 admixture point is described as such because it is a line differentiating two ages: "Tribulation era" and "Great Tribulation era". The tribulation era is before the Temple's destruction and the great tribulation is after the Temple's destruction in A.D. 70 then John created this doctrine to atone for the error created by Paul. Paul's error was to predict the desecration of the Temple and not its destruction. However, when the Temple was destroyed then John composed the Book of Revelation utilizing the languages of the Temple's destruction by mentioning "wormwood". Therefore, Matthew committed the first error (Matthew 24:20) by mentioning "Sabbath" within the verse. Furthermore, the whole idea at first was that the Temple was going to be desecrated similar to the earlier events of Antiochus Epiphanes. Paul later wrote letters to the congregations at Corinth and Thessalonica hinting at a desecration of the Temple and not its total destruction (2nd Thessalonians 2:1-4, 1st Corinthians 7:26-31). Paul hints of a desecration and the "desecration" is when the Christian community would be raptured (1st Thessalonians 4:15-18). Then according to historical records, Paul was martyred or killed by Nero. Then years later, John was sent to the island of Patmos by the Romans where he revised and edited the apocalyptic visions by Matthew and Paul. John then added the seventy years doctrine through the mention of "wormwood" (Revelation 8:10-11) to revise the date of the return of Jesus since he did not show up when the Temple was destroyed (rather than desecrated). Paul truly mentions this error which forces John to revise the ending of the story (1st Corinthians 7:26-29 and 2nd Thessalonians 2:1-4). There is a possibility that the reason John was sent to the island of Patmos may have been the contents within the Gospel of John. The evidence is presented: The Gospel of John 19:37, Revelation 1:7, and Zechariah 12:10.
The imprisonment and exile of John was done through the Jewish Temple priests and the Romans later agreed (Revelation 16:13). The reason is because of the Zechariah 12:10 verse would have been read by a Jewish Temple priest spy who then later reported the activities of John. John must have mentioned it through a sermon or something in connection with the three presented verses and this connection must have made authorities nervous. John, through his exile, still composed another document exhorting the early Christian community to be vigilant against their oppressors. All of the previous evidence with verses was already stated earlier. The best assessment would be the composition of the Gospel of John and this lead to his arrest and exile.
Through the "Temporal Flow Thesis" and the previous presentation of a court case against the Roman Empire, it is rational to conclude that John was a non-violent revolutionary even if his natural treatise was somehow intended to be supernatural. There is also a connection between Paul and John through the statement of Paul himself (2nd Corinthians 12:1-7) which is an indirect description of John by Paul. The connection would explain the various symbolic languages and supposed experiences expressed in the Book of Revelation. The "Temporal Flow Thesis" also would express an impossibility which occurred years later with the imposition of something of a priori , or of the mind, and into an attempted way of materializing the previous visions. In other words, the false prediction by John still produced a vigorous spirit among the Christians which years later manufactured a political transformation within the Roman Empire.
The illustration is given, according to the vision by John, the death of a believer during the Roman empire: 1) The believer dies, 2) The believer is resurrected or raptured, 3) The believer rules for a thousand years with Jesus, 4) The believer witnesses the resurrection of the disbelievers, 5) The disbelievers, satan, fallen angels, Hell (bottomless pit) and Death are all thrown into the Lake of Fire. 6) The creation of a new Jerusalem and new transformed Earth eliminates or abrogates the existence of "Heaven". All of the Believers and Jesus are the only ones to exist forever on a new Earth which is now "Heaven". In other words; with the elimination of "Hell" then there is no need for "Heaven"? Simply, the Lake of Fire eliminates the negatives mentioned previously and "heaven" is eliminated by the transformation of Earth and the fallen new city of Jerusalem. During the whole process there is no new Temple.
The whole process presented by John's own words, is an attempt to outflank the Roman philosophy of the era which taught material enlightenment (Hebrews 10:32) through a priori. In other words, a thinking trend concerning the liberation of the body or consciousness after death. However, the position of John is more captivating because it goes further by using previous Jewish belief and allegorical language. The doctrine by Epicurus is stating that pursuit of pleasure before death is of utmost importance. The usage of the term "pleasure" is not entirely about sex but experiencing all aspects of life in the positive without violating agreed laws among humanity. Later; the early Jewish community, where the Christian revolutionaries are based, since the time of Daniel, has viewed the cultural importation of Hellenistic persuasion as endangering the overall cultural viewpoints and beliefs within the Jewish community. It is really the preservation of cultural identity going against the prevailing and prosperous culture. The result was a synthesis which did not actually resulted in a "synthesis" because of the theonomic nature of the Christian Roman leadership after Constantine.
The above describing the elimination of "Hell" and eventually "Heaven" does contain a contradiction within the Gospels. Matthew 10:28 states: " And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in HELL." According to the words of John this not possible because it is the Lake of Fire, mentioned in the Book of Revelation four times, would be able to destroy both soul and body. Remember, "death" and "hell" are both sent into the "Lake of Fire" (Revelation 20:14).The omission in the Gospel of John tells us that John is the author of both books or documents: The Gospel of John and the Book of Revelation (Revelations chapters five and ten). Why? The reason is because Luke, Matthew and Mark make mention of similar references to which the aforementioned entity destroys both soul and body. All three previous sources share the same conclusion: Hell destroys both soul and body (Matthew 10:28, Luke 12:4-5, and Mark 9:43-48). While the Gospel of John (John 15:6) only mentions Hellfire indirectly and implicitly but the omission agrees with the assumption that John believes that "Hell" does not destroy both soul and body. According to John, only the Lake of Fire would be able to destroy both soul and body. There is a difference because according to John, "Hell" is temporary and for only punishment while the Lake of Fire destroys all the negatives of existence hence no punishment afterwards. In other words; if you are judged, by Jesus, to be a disbeliever then first you are resurrected then put in Hellfire(for punishment of the soul) and then thrown into the Lake of Fire(for final execution of the soul) so you could no longer exist. The previous explanation is partly nihilistic. Furthermore, this means no one is currently in "Hell" or "Heaven".
The question arises; does Paul, the other Gospel writers, and the rest of the New Testament writers agree with John's viewpoint? No other writers within the New Testament canon speaks of "the Lake of Fire" nor does any of the Old Testament writers. It seems "Hell" is a place of punishment and this specific designation the writers may agree on but they disagree on the role of "Hell"(Revelation 20:10 and Revelation 20:14). The previous observation creates another question, why has this information been omitted by the other New Testament writers concerning the existence of "the Lake of Fire"? The only conclusion would be that this may have been why it took at least two centuries or more for the Christian community to allow John's last testament, the Book of Revelation, into the New Testament canon. It was the hand of St.Augustine of Hippo, years later, which allowed the Book of Revelation to be accepted into the New Testament canon because of political persuasion based on the attempt to explain the problems of the successful invasions by the Huns into Rome. Nevertheless, the problem concerning the role of "Hell" and the mention of "the Lake of Fire" may have played a factor in delaying its acceptance by consensus. This delay may negate the whole existence of these entities: "Hell","Heaven","the Lake of Fire", and "the new Jerusalem" completely. Furthermore, its delay into the New Testament canon may have been the subject concerning the deposit of any soul currently and into the modern age, whether it is in "Heaven"/"Hell" or in the ground until the rapture or second resurrection for disbelievers? The Book of Revelation and Paul's mention of "rapture" is now understood to mean that when people die their soul stays in the ground (John 3:13 and Acts 2:29) until the "rapture"(or the second resurrection for Disbelievers) mentioned by both Paul in his various letters and John in the Book of Revelation. This would mean that the current popular Christian ideas concerning where the soul goes after death is disputable or in error but it seems that several Christian groups has this correct doctrine already in place. However, the delay of the canonization concerning the Book of Revelation may have abrogated or negated the existence of all four entities. The only questions left are: Is there a soul existing within the body? If there is a soul, where does the soul goes if there is no "Hell" and "Heaven"?
(20) The Twelve Fruits of Light. The first two verses of the chapter reference back to the lost tribe of Israel (Matthew 10:6). The Gospel source and the first two verses of Revelation chapter twenty-two suggest the repopulation of the Earth? Or the discovery of the lost tribe? The first question could be thought through rationally. The reason of why it may lead back to the repopulation of the Earth is because the language directs us to Adam and the tree in the Book of Genesis (Genesis chapters two through four). It may be simply symbolic but a literal manifestation of believers sharing the remaining existence with Jesus their messiah. If it is only in reference to the "lost tribe" then John has confirmed the theory that the Book of Revelation was about the destruction of Rome only but yet it leads to some questions: was all of Humanity judged? Or just the local area sample of humanity between Rome and Jerusalem? Let us assume that John intended that it was for all of humanity then the mention of "the nations" are the believers designated as the new mankind. Revelation 22:4 makes the other references of "marks on skin" to be exactly an invisible mark and not a literal mark. This means that the earlier references of "marks on/in skin" (Revelation 9:4, 13:16-18, 14:9, 15:2, 16:2, 19:12, 19:20, and 20:4) are symbolic and allegorical deriving from Ezekiel 9:4-7. All of the previous guides the reader to one conclusion: The term "the nations" is in reference to the believers who are going to repopulate the Earth with Jesus of Nazareth their messiah/king. This leads to an evolution of Earth's ecological system through the hand of God similar to the hand of God in the events leading to the previous Jewish tribe's liberation from captivity and the rebuilding of the Temple after the captivity era. The material transformation of the Earth through a supernatural intervention and its sustainment through supernatural means is the proposed theory by the writer. Where is the fundamental error to this proposed ideal utopia? The Gospel of Matthew counters this proposed vision in Matthew 22:30-32. John is not the only to violate “The Testament of Jesus” because Paul does the same by revising Matthew 10:5-15 with Romans chapter eleven.
The twelve fruits of light is the materially new creation of a transformed Earth and new mankind guided by the messiah shepherd called Jesus of Nazareth. The proposed utopia would be possible but one flaw has been presented: The various failed predictions which created an alternative timeline. The next flaw is the correlation of two other sources which differ in language but agree in principle with the Matthew passage. Matthew 10:6 corresponds with Mark 6:7-13 and Luke 9:1-6. There is no mention of "the lost tribe of Israel". John has truly presented a natural manifesto with supernatural intentions. The undiscovered tribe is simply the forerunner to the principle of the extension of a new mankind. The new mankind is actually the Christian community with a new principle borrowed from the Roman concept of the expansion of Roman citizenship. All three sources were combined in Revelation chapter eleven describing the two witnesses. The previous confirms the theory that the "two witnesses" are the Jewish-Christians and Gentile Christians, the Body of Christ, being martyred by the Roman Empire. Furthermore; the previous evidence also confirms John's premise that only the believers, of the Roman era, would repopulate the physically transformed Earth (Revelation 3:12 and Ephesians 2:15). However, if Matthew 22:30-32 is valid and is still followed by John then there is no repopulation of the Earth just believers living forever.
The concept of the undiscovered tribe has been employed by Paul in several of his letters and stated by John himself within the Book of Revelation. John has committed the “sin” of false witness according to his own words within the chapter. The issue has been addressed concerning the statement by the earlier Church father, Iraneaus, who also committed the same error. The ones who have been attacked:" the disciples of Marcion, or by a perversion of the sense [of Scripture], as those of Valentinus and all the Gnostics " are all innocent of their supposed crimes or "blasphemy". Nevertheless, the "Gnostics" are correct in spiritualizing the texts because there is something to keep hidden from the public. The secret to be hidden was the false predictions by John and Paul. These false predictions are now known variables of why the texts were not translated from Latin until the ignorance was removed through regional translations. However, when the local translations occurred political issues may have hidden the truth further through other agendas. 'The twenty theses against Christian Millennialism' has concluded into the material realm something which Martin Luther's ninety-five theses partly presented. Even Martin Luther's ninety-five theses exposed the truth within the fallacy of the New Testament predictions. The definition of supernatural means reality is warped or transformed from the material world around us by an outside entity from the reality. The previous observation was presented by David Hume in the late 1700's:
" There arise, indeed, in some minds, some unaccountable terrors with regard to futurity: But these would quickly vanish, were they not artificially fostered by precept and education. And those, who foster them: what is their motive? Only to gain a livelihood, and to acquire power and riches in this world. Their very zeal and industry, therefore, are an argument against them. " (Of the immortality of the Soul, David Hume)